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Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Electronic Hardware

Electronic Hardware
The components in production in India at present include TV picture tubes (Black & White and Color), monitor tubes, diodes and transistors, power devices, ICs, hybrid microcircuits, resistors, capacitors (plastic film, electrolytic, tantalum, ceramic), connectors, switches, relays, magnetic heads, DC micro motors and tape deck mechanism, PCBs, crystals, loudspeakers and hard and soft ferrites. However, at present, India imports about 55% to 60 % of its component requirements.

Estimated import requirement of electronic components is about US $ 26.60 billion by 2012. There is huge potential to produce and supply components to Indian market itself.

The contract-manufacturing opportunity in India: The global contract manufacturing market presently stands at US$ 149 billion and is expected to grow to US$ 500 billion by 2010. Indian contract manufacturers business is expected to grow phenomenally from a turnover of US$ 774 Million to US$ 2.63 Billion by 2009. It is estimated that the total potential for contract manufacturing in India is US$ 11 billion, or 2.2 per cent of the global market. India could potentially target a share of 1 per cent of the total contract manufacturing in North America, 2 per cent of Western Europe, 4 per cent of Asia and 5 per cent of the rest of the world .

Chemical Markets

Per capita consumption of chemicals in India is one of the lowest in the world. Currently, per capita consumption of most products of chemical industry in India is about 1/10th of the world average. With rising per capita income, the market potential is very attractive.

Inorganic chemicals: The inorganic chemicals industry had an output of approximately 5.9 million tonnes in 2006-07. Of this, alkaline chemicals contributed 5.26 million tonnes, or nearly 90 per cent and basic inorganic chemicals contributed 0.6 million tonnes. Among alkaline chemicals, soda ash is the largest segment, contributing to 40 per cent of the output caustic soda has a 36 per cent share and liquid chlorine has 24 per cent. Basic inorganic chemicals have grown at a CAGR of 10 per cent, from 374,000 tonnes to 602,000 tonnes. As a result of faster growth, the share of basic inorganic chemicals has gone up, from 8 per cent to 10 per cent. Carbon black, is the biggest segment in basic inorganic chemicals, with a share of nearly 71 per cent of the output. Calcium carbide with 16 per cent and titanium dioxide with 10 per cent, are the other significant segments.

Auto Components

With 6 car projects namely Ford, Hyundai, BMW, Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi-HM, Chennai is now emerging as one Top 10 Global Automobile manufacturing centers. By 2010-11, Chennai will have an installed capacity to produce 12,80,000 cars and about 3,50,000 commercial vehicles each year. This translates to 3 cars output every minute and one Commercial vehicle every 75 seconds. During 2008-09, Chennai produced 5.60 lakhs passenger cars accounting for 30.6% of India's production.

Since the mother plants operate on "Just-In-Time" principle, Government of Tamil Nadu has promoted Vendors' Parks along adjacent to the mother plants by Nissan, Daimler, Renault, etc., These Vendors' Parks a large number of ancillary projects notwithstanding the recession.

India enjoys a cost advantage with respect to casting and forging as manufacturing costs in India are 25 to 30% lower than USA and EU.

The exports of auto components industry reached around US$ 2.8 billion in 2006-07 and at a CAGR of 40 % between 2002-03 and 2006-07. Exports of auto components were growing at the rate of 35 % during 2002-07 and touched US$ 3.6 billion in 2007-08. It is estimated to reach around US$ 20 billion-US$ 22 billion by 2015-16. A majority of Indian exports are sent to Europe and North America.

Technical Textiles

Technical Textiles: Technical or functional textiles are those textiles that have some functional properties attached to it and are different from traditional textiles that are merely used for adoration. The technical textiles market which at present is around US$ 80.1 million and growing at a healthy pace of about 12 per cent, is expected to touch US$ 13.7 million by 2012-13.

Keeping this in mind, the government has designed Centers of Excellence for Agrotech, Buildtech, Meditech and GFeotech group of technical textiles at an outlay US$ 8.97 million. The government will shortly launch a US$ 122.42 million Technology Mission on Technical Textiles and also create a Development Council for Technical Textiles.

Agro & Food Processing

Standalone SME cold storages in India for agro processing shall be provided power tariff subsidy of 30%, 20% and 10% in the first, second and third year of commercial operation. 100% exemption from payment of Electricity Tax shall be provided for all new agro-processing units for a period of 5 year from the date of commercial production.

Friday, December 25, 2009

Major potential for plasma proteins in India

Major potential for plasma proteins in India

Hemophiliacs are the target population for players interested in plasma protein R&D. India needs about 900,000 liters of plasma proteins per year. India has been meeting this requirement so far by importing these proteins. None of the other Plasma proteins is being manufactured in India as yet.

The bio-services sector has growm by approximately 53 per cent in 2006-07. The sector contributed revenues of US$ 268 million to Indian biotechnology, second only to the bio-pharma sector. Bio-services is also the second fastest growing sector in Indian biotechnology after Bio-agri.

Bio-agri is the third largest contributor to Indian biotech industry during 2006-07 with a turnover of US$ 225 million, accounting for almost 11 per cent of the biotech pie. However, its growth rate of almost 55 per cent is the highest among all the biotech segments.