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Friday, December 30, 2011

Dollar funding grows scarce for India Inc

Dollar funding grows scarce for India Inc
Investment problem is looming large for companies
Worldwide.....more so for Indian companies

Thursday, December 29, 2011

CHBC News Water from Air Element Four Kelowna

The Air to Water Technology started out about eight years ago and initial applications included household and office use. The applications scope has been expanded to meet water supply requirement for rural communities, oil & gas offshore and remote drilling sites, remote military camp sites and remote construction sites.
Economies of scale, easy transfer of available technologies from air to air heat pumps and boiler systems, shorter decision and sales routes and other reasons have put the market focus for air to water heat pumps for residential heating towards solutions for individual single family houses.

Health Club

A health club (also known as a fitness club, fitness center, and commonly referred to as a gym) is a place which houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise.
Health clubs are often located near large employers. They usually draw a crowd of people before plant or business normal working hours, during lunch breaks, and after closing.
Health clubs provide marketers with a unique venue to reach millions of active, on-the-go consumers. Club members tend to be affluent and are willing to spend more for premium and/or healthful products.

Nursing School

A nursing school is a type of educational institution, or part thereof, providing education and training to become a fully qualified nurse. The nature of nursing education and nursing qualifications varies considerably across the world.
Nursing is the art and science of caring, healing, treating, curing and educating patients of all ages in diverse health care environments.

Platform chemicals

  • The platform chemicals concept is to establish routes from biomass to new and existing petrochemical products.
  • These are the basic building blocks for the basic petrochemical industry, which produces a wide variety of commodity chemicals. These commodity or bulk chemicals, in turn, are used for an even wider array of fine chemicals and polymers.
  • There are two main ways to produce equivalent platform chemicals to those from fossil derived sources: Arriving to the same chemical structure or finding a chemical that can perform the same duties.
  • Advances in biotechnology are enabling the optimization of feedstock composition and agronomic characteristics and the development of new and improved fermentation organisms for conversion of biomass to new end products or intermediates.
  • The hydrogen and carbon containing platform chemicals are either used as solvents (e.g. benzene, toluene), as starting material for polymers (e.g. ethylene, propylene, butadiene) or are further functionalised with elements such as oxygen, nitrogen or chlorine.
  • The production of chemicals from biomass presents higher mass and carbon theoretical efficiency, and it seems an interesting alternative to provide a renewable path for globally and widely demanded platform chemicals like phenols, solvents (Acetone), soft plastic precursor (Polyethylene) and hard plastic precursor (Polypropylene).

Driving school

  • A “driving school” is a business which, for compensation, conducts or offers to conduct instruction in the operation of motor vehicles.
  • A driving school owner which is any person licensed by the department to engage in the business of giving instruction for compensation in the driving of motor vehicles or in the preparation of an applicant for examination for a driver’s license issued by the department.
  • An independent driving instructor is licensed to teach driving instruction in a city with a population of less than 50,000, which does not have within it an established licensed driving school.
  • The city must be located in a county with a population of less than 400,000; and the instructor must be employed as an accredited teacher of automobile driver education or automobile driver training under the provisions of the Education Code.
  • “School for training drivers” means a business conducted by a natural person, association, partnership, corporation or other business entity, for the education of students, in a classroom or motor vehicle, or both, in preparation for the examination for a driver’s license or learner’s permit required by the department to operate a motor vehicle.

Saturday, December 24, 2011
Before that decide whether you really need to own one or hiring cars via street corner travel companies is better?
Roads are bad...drivers...good ones are simply not there to employ..!
Think hard before you choose..?

Friday, December 23, 2011

Medical Store

A medical store can be started as a sole proprietorship or a partnership and even it can be registered under company law with Securities and Exchange Commission of the country.

The Medical Store Depots were originally established in different parts of the country under the Medical Stores Organization primarily to meet the needs of army units in respect of medicines, surgical equipments and other medical supplies.

The pharma market is growing at 27% annually. Reports peg the market at Rs 33,000 crore (US$ 5 bn). Revenue from pharmacies is expected to touch Rs 50,000 crore by 2010.

The drugstores industry, part of the larger food and staples retailing industry, is a high-volume, low-margin business, with cutthroat competition.

Ferry Service

A ferry (or ferryboat) is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry (or ferry) primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.

Ferry designs depend on the length of the route, the passenger or vehicle capacity required, speed requirements and the water conditions.

Water based transport is effective as generally speaking, operating costs of fuel are low and environmental pollution is lower than for corresponding volumes of movement by road, rail or air.

Money is the highest barrier to entry of the ferry business. Historically, government grant programs, such as the $60 million allotted as part of the 2009 Economic Recovery Act, have gone to buy new ferryboats or improve existing ferry terminals.

Thursday, December 22, 2011

Interstate Power Trade

Power trading inherently means a transaction where the price of power is negotiable and options exist about whom to trade with and for what quantum.
Power trading in India is in infant stage and has high potential for growth. Provision of Open Access was a step towards commercialization of power market with high growth potential.
In India, Inter – regional power transfer capacity, according to the statistics, stands at 9000 MW. A perspective transmission plan has been evolved to install an integrated and resilient Nation Power Grid in a phased manner by the year 2012 thereby augmenting the Inter- regional transfer capacity from the current level of 9000 MW to 30000 MW.

Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Hydrotherapy centre

Hydrotherapy & Rehabilitation Pools with unique counter current mechanism are a valuable and economical system for healing and rehabilitation treatments recognized to possess various benefits in modern medical texts.
Hydrotherapy & Rehab pools are safe and hygienic method of conveniently providing hydrotherpay in Homes, Clinics, Hospitals & Physiotherapy Centres.


Friday, December 16, 2011

Tidal Energy

Tidal power, also called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into useful forms of power - mainly electricity.
The world's first large-scale tidal power plant (the Rance Tidal Power Station) became operational in 1966.
Tidal power is extracted from the Earth's oceanic tides; tidal forces are periodic variations in gravitational attraction exerted by celestial bodies. These forces create corresponding motions or currents in the world's oceans.


The concept of a HYPOGEN (HYdrogen and POwer GENeration) Facility for producing hydrogen and electricity, using fossil fuels as feedstock, with the simultaneous capture and storage of the carbon dioxide produced during the process.
HYPOGEN plants will have to be able to meet the greenhouse gas emission constraints.
The evolution of hydrogen markets can only be projected and modelled as a high risk stream of income for HYPOGEN.

Wednesday, December 14, 2011


A ropeway is a form of naval lifting device used to transport light stores and equipment across rivers or ravines.

Ropeways are used for the transport of goods or passengers, whereby the passengers or goods are conveyed or drawn in cars by means of a towing device.

Aerial ropeway development may have a wide range of impact on the environment through activities like construction work, reclamation, excavation and other related activities.

Gravity ropeway is an inexpensive and simple means of transportation. It operates simply by gravitational force without the use of external power.

Ropeways offer business opportunities not only as tourist attractions in hill stations, but also as cheaper means of urban transportation, capable of decongesting over-choked cities.

Ropeway standards are reviewed every five years to ensure that they reflect the state of the art, and they are updated as required.

Aluminum Oxide Windrow Dewatering to Recycle the Nickel, Cob...

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Dried Mango

Dried mango is an important value added product; made by dehydrating mango slices or mango pulp.
Dried mango is made by cutting mango slices and drying those in solar and/or fuel fired dehydrators. Another variation of the product is called mango leather which is made by making mango pulp and drying the pulp.

Flue Gas Desulfurization

  • Flue Gas Desulphurization is widely acknowledged as today’s state-of-the art technology for removing sulfur dioxide from the exhaust flue gas in coal- and oil-fired power plants.
  • Although the FGD process was originally established for environmental purposes, a large amount of high quality, synthetic gypsum is created as a byproduct of the scrubbing process.
  • Wet flue gas desulfurization or scrubber systems are an excellent way of reducing the sulfur dioxide emissions caused by coal combustion boilers.
  • Conventional wet FGD systems are in successful operation at a large number of coal-fired facilities ranging in size from small, individual applications to large utility applications of more than 1000 MW.


JUTE Bags are eco-friendly. 100% bio-degradable. Jute is a fast growing crop with a much higher carbon dioxide assimilation rate than trees.

Jute production creates much needed employment in poorer regions of the world.

Jute bags are strong, trendy and reusable.The best polymer for use as a liner for jute bags, is polypropylene of 100┬Ám thickness at the most.


The seed is 3/4 to 1 1/2 in (2-4 cm) long and 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) thick and is white and crisp within. There may be 100 or up to 500 seeds in a single fruit.Fresh seeds are considered to be high in starch, low in calcium and iron; good sources of vitamins B1 and B2.

The ripe fruits and seeds of jackfruit are bestowed with certain chemical and aphrodisiac properties (Ferrao, 1999), which are important from health point of view. In addition, its pulp and seeds are being used for cooling, tonic and pectorial purposes in various traditional medicines

Jackfruit seed is used in biscuit factories of Tamil Nadu and is of high demand there. We have made various bakery products using jack seed flour, including cookies and murukku.

Amino Acid

Amino acids are molecules containing an amine group, a carboxylic acid group and a side-chain that varies between different amino acids.

The key elements of an amino acid are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. They are particularly important in biochemistry, where the term usually refers to alpha-amino acids.

Amino acids are critical to life, and have many functions in metabolism. One particularly important function is to serve as the building blocks of proteins, which are linear chains of amino acids. Amino acids can be linked together in varying sequences to form a vast variety of proteins.

Twenty-two amino acids are naturally incorporated into polypeptides and are called proteinogenic or standard amino acids. Of these, 20 are encoded by the universal genetic code. Nine standard amino acids are called "essential" for humans because they cannot be created from other compounds by the human body, and so must be taken in as food.


Perfluoro(methyl vinyl ether) is a widely known monomer used in the industrial scale, particularly, in the production of fluorine containing rubbers. The known values of copolymerization constants of perfluoro(methyl vinyl ether) (?1) with tetrafluoroethylene2 (?2) are r1 = k11/k12 = 0.22 and r2 = k22/k21 = 1.42 (index 2 concerns tetrafluoroethylene).

Perfluoromethyl vinyl ether as the special fluoric monomer has wide applications in the development of new-style fluoro plastics and fluoro rubber with excellent integrative properties.
There are five main types of FKMs, determined by the types of monomers used to produce the fluoroelastomer. These include Vinylidene Fluoride (VF2), Hexafluoropropylene (HFP), Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), Perfluoromethylvinylether (PMVE).


Titanium oxychloride is formed in a reaction between titanium chloride (TiCl4) and water.

The mixture of tartaric acid and TiOCl2 solution forms a gel on heating on a water bath which decomposes at higher temperatures, > 423 K.

Mesoporous titania with an average pore diameter of 2.6 nm and pure rutile crystalline structural wall were prepared by hydrolysis of TiOCl2 aqueous solution at lower temperature by using octyl phenol polyethylene oxide as template-directing agent.

Yellow cakes of TiO(OH)2 were dissolved with added HCl solution to form a TiOCl2 solution.

The concentration of titanium in the as- preparedTiOCl2 solutionwas 5.27M, and this was used as a stock solution for synthesis of TiO2.


Propylheptanol is a mixture of isomeric decyl alcohols: 2-propylheptanol, 4-methyl-2-propylhexanol and 5-methyl-2-propylhexanol.

It is a clear and colorless, high boiling liquid with a mild characteristic odor. It is miscible with most common organic solvents but has very low water solubility

2-Propylheptyl alcohol is "oxoalcohol", meaning that it is produced from the hydroformylation ("oxo synthesis") of C9 alkenes followed by hydrogenation of the resulting aldehyde. The production route is similar to that for tripropylene.

Synonyms are 2-Propylheptanol, 2-Propylheptan-1-ol, 1-Heptanol, 2-propyl-, 2-PROPYL-1-HEPTANOL, 2-Propylheptyl alcohol.


Antioxidant is a substance added in small quantities to hydrocarbons which are susceptible to oxidation, such as rubbers, plastics, foods, and oils to inhibit or slow oxidative processes, while being itself oxidized.

There are two basic types of antioxidants: primary and secondary . Primary antioxidants are defined as additives that intercept and stabilize free radicals by donating an active hydrogen atom, gaining their name “radical scavengers”. Secondary antioxidants prevent the further formation of free radicals by decomposing unstable hydroperoxides prior to their homolytic cleavage.

Secondary antioxidants perform better with the incorporation of a primary antioxidant. However, not every type of primary antioxidant can be incorporated with any type of secondary antioxidant.

Antioxidants are employed to retard the degradation of polymers due to air oxidation. Free radicals are initiated by reactions within the polymer brought-on by heat, ultraviolet radiation, mechanical shear or metallic impurities

DLTDP, DTTDP and DSTDP are all produced by reacting the same intermediate, thiodipropionitrile (TDPN), with different fatty alcohols. DLTDP uses lauryl alcohol, DTTDP uses iso-tridecyl alcohol and DSTDP uses stearyl alcohol.


Diethyl Ethyl Acetamide is a multi-insect repellent. It is effective against mosquitoes, leaches and other blood sucking organisms. It is found to be much more superior and effective as compared to the commonly used mosquito repellents like Di-methyl phthalate.

DEPA can be used in the form of cream or as a spray, liquid or aerosol.

A non-toxic, non-irritant, cosmetically acceptable, cost effective indigenously available multi-insect repellent N,N- dimethylphenyl acetamide (DEPA) has been developed and licensed by Drug Controller of India for manufacture for use on human beings and has since been introduced in services.

Defence Services have already accepted DEPA as their mosquito repellent. Other para military organisations are in the process of taking this product.

Two-tone Color Stripe Jute Bags

How Cell Phone Recycling Works

Monday, December 12, 2011

Cellphone Recycling

A cell phone is made up of many materials. In general, the handset consists of 40 percentmetals, 40 percent plastics, and 20 percentceramics and trace materials.

Mobile phones are relatively inexpensive, and smaller every day. However, it is plastic it takes thousands of years to degrade, and toxic metals such as arsenic, antimony, Beryllium, cadmium,
copper, lead, nickel and zinc, that accumulate in living organisms and can cause cancer and neurological diseases.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 130 million cell phones are discarded each year. When dismantled, their internal metal components translate into 65,000 tons of waste containing lead, cadmium, arsenic, beryllium, mercury and other toxic heavy metals and carcinogens.

The facts are that 280 tonnes of mobile phones, batteries and accessories have been collected for recycling by the industry, saving the environment from potential damage. This equates to 1.1 million batteries and 435,000 handsets having been collected.

Express Avenue Chennai - Festival Mode

Monday, December 05, 2011

Poor loan growth, rise in NPAs hit banking sector's Q2 nos

FTN: Is India's power shortage reaching crisis point?

Chemistry Tutorial 13.3b: Organic Families: Carboxyl Group (Organic Aci...

Organic acids

  • An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties.
  • The most common Organic acids are the carboxylic acids, whose acidity is associated with their carboxyl group –COOH. Sulfonic acids, containing the group –SO2OH, are relatively stronger acids.
  • The relative stability of the conjugate base of the acid determines its acidity.
  • Other groups can also confer acidity, usually weakly: –OH, –SH, the enol group, and the phenol group.
  • In biological systems, organic compounds containing these groups are generally referred to as Organic acids.
  • Simple Organic acids like formic or acetic acids are used for oil and gas well stimulation treatments. These Organic acids are much less reactive with metals than are strong mineral acids like hydrochloric acid (HCl) or mixtures of HCl and hydrofluoric acid (HF).

Sunday, December 04, 2011

Power less!

MSEs (Micro and Small Enterprises) are the most powerless lot in the Industrial scenario today.

  1. They have no bargaining power with the Bankers for getting finance. 
  2. They have no bargaining power to get better rates and better deal with the suppliers
  3. They have no bargaining power with their customers particularly with the Big Brothers.
  4. They have no POWER ( I mean the electric Power) 
To-day every Micro and Small Units are under going a severe power cut. On an average they are suffering for more than 7-8 hours a day. That means they work only 3-4 hours per day if it is a single shift unit. If it is working for 2 shifts then they may have 8 hours production. That means only 50% capacity utilization. 

Whereas they have to pay the Rent for the building - 100% 
They have to pay the Wages to their Workers - 100%
They have to pay the interest to the Bankers - 100%
They have to keep the delivery schedule and deliver the ordered goods - 100%

How is it possible?  Does our Politicians and Officials hear the frantic cry of this neglected people? Is there any one to rescue this poor lot!

we welcome Gnanasambandan, known to friends as KRG. Industrialist, Consultant and Trainer. Manufacturing Siddha Medicines and also running a Training Organisation by name AATHMA

Glad that KRG is member of the group for SMELINK - Small Enterprises
We like to hear his views on SME Develoment issues
Contact Information
KR. Gnanasambandan (KRG)
Vice President - TANSTIA
CEO & Consultant Trainer,
An Academy for Training in HR, Marketing and Administration, (AATHMA)
"Malligai", 74, Paramuthevar Nagar, Narayanapuram West,
INDIA. Ph: 91 452 2680999Chennai Office:
Flat No"6, Ranjit Apartments, 14/82, I Avenue, Indira Nagar,
Adayar, CHENNAI - 600 020.
Mobile: 91 94437 11495 / 91 93600 11495
Alternate E-Mail:

[OSTRICH FEATHERS] We are interested in buying ostrich feathers

Here is an established ostrich farmer in Spain who wants to buy ostrich products
His name is David Irisaari and 

Saturday, December 03, 2011

MSE's call for Fair Play

Right from the Prime Minister, FM, MSME minister, CMs and every officer in this country will pay floral tributes to Micro and Small Industries and their contribution to the Economy. But, when it comes to serving these Micro and Small enterprises, every one is doing only a lip service particularly in offering credit and other finance related services.
When a leading air line company is not able to pay back it debts amounting to several thousand crores SBI the lead bank comes forward to convert it into Equity. Whereas a small Micro unit having borrowed a few lakh rupees is not able to repay it and asking for the reschedule, the banks apply SARFAESI and take over the little assets and auction it. They are not even prepared to listen the grievances of the Entrepreneur.

Every banker is saying that Entrepreneur themselves are not interested in availing loan under CGTMSE stating that they need to pay 1% more as Insurance premium and they are ready to offer collateral security. But, unfortunately, these bankers do not educate the Entrepreneur that they have to shell out thousands of rupees as fees to the Engineer and Advocate for getting the valuation certificates, Legal opinion and over and above that they have to pay 0.5% as Stamp duty for registering the deposit of title deeds with the bank and registration charges and other expenses at the Registrar office.

Regarding rate of interest, any amount of our representation to the authorities did not yield any response. Cost of Finance is one of the major input for a MSE. Let us hope at least our recommendation for interest subsidy is granted by the Tamilnadu Government.   

Thursday, December 01, 2011

Fatty Acid

Fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated.

Fatty acids are merely carboxylic acids with long hydrocarbon chains. The hydrocarbon chain length may vary from 10-30 carbons.

Fatty acid demand is expected to continue to be strong , fuelled by growth in consumer products such as cosmetics and plastics. Prices of fatty acids in Asia are dependent on feedstock palm kernel, palm stearin and crude palm oil prices and tend to follow the price trends of these raw materials.

The rubber industry consumes large quantities of fatty acids. Mostly, saturated fatty acids are used as activators, accelerators and softening agents.

The textile industry uses fairly large quantities of fatty acids, largely in the form of derivatives. Because of the diversity of the industry and the numerous forms in which fatty acids

Tall Oil

Tall oil, also called "liquid rosin" or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the Kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping mainly coniferous trees.

The tall oil rosin finds use as a component of adhesives, rubbers, and inks, and as an emulsifier. The pitch is used as a binder in cement, an adhesive, and an emulsifier for asphalt.

The demand is for the tall oil rosin and fatty acids which are used to produce adhesives, coatings, and ink resins. The products find use in lubricants, soaps, linoleum, flotation and waterproofing agents, paints, varnishes, and drying oils.

Demand for tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) and TOFA derivatives, as well as tall oil rosin-based resins are said to be picking up, mostly because of improved economic activity.

Automatic soy milk maker instructional video

project information


  • Soy milk is actually made from soybeans, a type of vegetable. It has been used for centuries by the Chinese and Japanese people in making their staple food which is the tofu.
  • Soy milk (also called soya milk, soymilk, soybean milk, or soy juice, although some do not believe soy to be a milk) and sometimes referred to as soy drink/beverage is a beverage made from soybeans.
  • Plain soy milk is unsweetened, although some soy milk products are sweetened. Salted soy milk is prevalent in China.
  • Soy milk has about the same amount of protein (though not the same amino acid profile) as cow's milk.
  • Natural soy milk contains little digestible calcium as it is bound to the bean's pulp, which is insoluble in humans.
  • Soy products contain sucrose as the basic disaccharide, which breaks down into glucose and fructose.

Tannic Acid

Tannic acid is a specific commercial form of tannin, a type of polyphenol. Its weak acidity (pKa around 10) is due to these phenol groups in the structure. Tannic acid (TAN-ik AS-id) is a pale yellow amorphous powder, shiny scales, or spongy material that gradually darkens when exposed to air. It is odorless but has a strong, bitter taste.
Tannic acid is used in the conservation of ferrous (iron based) metal objects to passivate and inhibit corrosion. Tannic acid is also used to produce tannate salts of certain anti-histamins and anti-tussives to impart increased stability or slow release properties to the API (active pharmaceutical ingredient).

Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Toffee (Cashew ) Making Made Easier

Toffee project

The Importance of Folate for Women of Child-bearing Age

Project Scope


  • Folate, a water-soluble vitamin, helps the body form red blood cells and aids in the formation of genetic material within every body cell.
  • Folate deficiency is a lack of folic acid in the diet and the signs are often subtle.
  • Folate, an important B-group vitamin, participates in many metabolic pathways such as DNA and RNA biosynthesis and amino acid inter-conversions.
  • Rapidly proliferating cells require large amounts of folate to support efficient DNA replication, repair and methylation indicating the importance of folate in human metabolism.
  • Folate is an essential cofactor during human erythropoiesis. Low folate levels lead to prolongation of the synthesis phase of cell division and retardation of germ cell maturation.
  • Probiotic bacteria, mostly belonging to the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, confer a number of health benefits to the host, including vitamin production.
  • Toffee

    Toffee is called soft boiled confectionery made by sugar along with butter and milk. It is popular among young and also with the children. Toffee is a confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour. The mixture is heated until its temperature reaches the hard crack stage of 300 to 310 °F (149 to 154 °C). While being prepared, toffee is sometimes mixed with nuts or raisins.
    Toffees and candies are consumed both in rural and urban areas without any exception.Toffees and candies are mostly produced for local market; the volume was around 12,000 metric tons for the year 2003.

    Tuesday, November 29, 2011

    The Hindu : Karnataka / Mangalore News : Areca soaps to hit the market today

    The Hindu : Karnataka / Mangalore News : Areca soaps to hit the market today
    ..........About 2,000 kg of arecanut is required to make two lakh bars of soap ..
    each bar weighing 75 grams consumes the same quantity of arecanut normally consumed by a person a day. Each bar contains about 30 per cent of areca fruit extract — mainly tannin.

    Soap from Arecanut

    The Areca nut is the seed of the Areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. It is commonly referred to as "betel nut" as it is often chewed wrapped in betel leaves.
    Pooga Singar Deodorant Beauty Soap, made of areca fruit extract. This soap is invented by P. Shankar Bhat Badanaje, a farmer-cum-researcher of Vittla which is available in jasmine, rose, and tulsi fragrances.
    In India,arecanut is mainly grown in the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Assam. Kerala and Karnataka account for about 70% of the country’s production

    Monday, November 28, 2011



    A sealant is a material designed only to fill up a space. The spaces can be joints, gaps or cavities that occur between two substrates. ex : The space between a bathtub and wall.
    The primary function of a joint sealant is to maintain a positive seal between the sides of a joint, which may be subject to movement.
    Sealants are used to close small openings that are difficult to shut with other materials, such as concrete, drywall, etc. Uses of sealants vary widely and sealants are used in many industries, for example, construction, automotive and aerospace industries.
    The fast growing emerging markets, such as China and India, are supporting a significant portion of the incremental demand for adhesives and sealants globally.
    project information

    Ammonium Nitro Phosphate (ANP)

    • Ammonium nitrophosphate has another name Ammonium phosphate-nitrate
    • A Slurry of concentrated ammonium nitrte solution (97%) and ammonium phosphate is used to produce ammonium phosphate nitrate in a rotary drum granulator in the Pechiney-saint-gobain process
    • Ammonium phosphate-nitrate (27-12-0 + 4.5S) is made by reacting ammonia with a mixture of phosphoric and nitric acids.
    • The 94% AN melt and calcium carbonate which are both byproducts of the ANP plant are used as raw material for the production of CAN fertilizer.
    • ANP fertilizers were applied in solid form to soil, and reaction products formed at and around the site of ANP fertilizer placement were identified after six weeks incubation in moist soils by Xray diffraction technique.
    Project Information

    Friday, November 25, 2011

    Basic Chrome Sulphate

    Basic Chromium Sulphate (BCS)

    • Chromium(III) sulfate usually refers to the inorganic compound with the formula Cr2(SO4)3 • 12(H2O).
    • Chrome Sulphate is the basic tanning chemical.Apart from being expensive, Chrome Sulphate is also a serious pollutant.
    • Finishing chemicals are used to impart certain properties to the leather like softness, color, appearance etc.Like tanning chemicals finishing chemical also get discharged into wastewater.
    • Only those chemicals are fully retained which are applied as surface coating.
    • Basic chromium sulfate is produced from chromate salts by reduction with sulfur dioxide.The collected data shows 50-150 liter water is used for conversion of one kg of raw skin into leather

    Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) roofingOne of the most popular choices for commercial projects is an Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) roofing system

    Interesting product !
    want to know more ..EPDM is an elastomeric polymer synthesized from ethylene, propylene and a small amount of diene monomer, compounded with carbon black, processing oils and various cross-linking and stabilizing agents ...more information

    Relieves mucosal pain

    Pain to go !
    Topical anesthetic agents like Mucopain penetrate the oral mucosa and offer local anesthetic activity that lasts for 10-20 minutes ...

    Thursday, November 24, 2011

    Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer

    EPDM is a rubber material whose principal components consist of the compounds ethylene and propylene. A flexible rubber matrix forms when a small amount of diene is added to the mix. EPDM is available reinforced or unreinforced with both commonly used; it's also available in either a cured (vulcanized) or uncured (non-vulcanized) state. Vulcanized EPDM is the most common with non-vulcanized often used for flashing purposes.
    EPDM exhibits satisfactory compatibility with fireproof hydraulic fluids, ketones, hot and cold water, and alkalis, and unsatisfactory compatibility with most oils, gasoline, kerosene, aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, halogenated solvents, and concentrated acids..
    EPDM has achieved a reputation in the industry as a long-lasting material, and advancements in materials, techniques, and components have given manufacturers the confidence to offer the industry's longest warranties of thirty years.


    • Mucopain from ICPA contains Benzocaine. Benzocaine is a local anesthetic commonly used as a topical pain reliever.
    • Determination of benzocaine in mucopain gel is done by HPTLC densitometry. HPTLC method for determination of benzocaine and its applicability in the estimation in marketed product.
    • Mucopain gel (ICPA Health products Itd., Ankleshwar) was purchased from a local pharmacy. Mucopain gel was selected for benzocaine study since it can be extracted with much ease.

    Wednesday, November 23, 2011

    2-propylheptanol Plant

    Plant to produce 2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate (ADAME)

    Dimethyl Amino Ethyl Acrylate

    2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate (ADAME) is a yellowish liquid with a pungent odor. World-wide and in Japan, 95-97% of this substance is used to produce DMAEA quarternary ammonium salts which are used to produce polymers for industries such as water-treatment and paper-making.
    Arkema, which is the world number three in acrylics is to build a new production line for dimethyl amino ethyl acrylate (DMAEA) at Carling-Saint. Carling is one of the largest acrylic acid plants in the world. 

    Incompetent Expiratory Valve in anesthesia machine

    Anesthetic gas Project Information

    Anesthetic gases

    • An anesthetic gas is a gas that causes temporary loss of awareness and physical sensation.
    • Anesthetic gases cause general anesthesia, or total loss of consciousness, rather than local or regional anesthesia, which blocks sensation only in particular body parts.
    • Anesthetic gas is often used in modern medicine, either by itself or in combination with intravenous anesthetics, to keep patients unconscious during surgery.
    • A doctor trained to administer anesthetics is called an anesthesiologist or anesthetist.
    • Despite being commonplace in modern medicine, the mechanism by which anesthetic gas works is still uncertain.

    Fluorocarbon Coatings

    Fluorocarbon Coating is an organic coating consisting of solid lubricant dispersed in an organic binder and dissolved in a specially formulated mixture of solvents.

    Fluorocarbon Coating is also corrosion-resistant due to the use of a thermally, cured thermosetting synthetic binding material. When applied to the substrates resists galling, seizure and fretting and offers corrosion resistance.

    Fluorocarbon Coating can be given on any metal or alloy surface, which can be suitably pretreated, by phosphating, blasting, anodizing or Soft Nitriding /Nitrocarburising.

    Fluorocarbon coating for superior performance, are widely applied to various fields, especially in the construction materials on the performance of the more prominent, although the fluorocarbon coating in our country are just the initial stage, but with the domestic railways, highways, and various infrastructure construction progresses, fluorocarbon coatings market space is growing.

    Monday, November 21, 2011

    Monosodium Phosphate

    Monoammonium phosphate (11-48-0) is a dry material being used for bulk blending or direct applications. Monoammonium phosphate has a lower ammonia content and may be less injurious to germinating seeds than diammonium phosphate.The general agronomic effects of diammonium and monoammonium phosphates are equal for most soils.
    MAP is  produced by combining phosphoric acid and ammonia. The most common grade for MAP is 11% nitrogen and 52% phosphorus pentoxide. MAP is widely produced in granular form for direct application as a fertilizer or in bulk blending of dry fertilizers. The compound is also a component of some dry powder fire extinguishers. It is stored and transported as a solid at ambient temperatures.


    Disinfectants are substances that are applied to non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.Disinfection does not necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially nonresistant bacterial spores; it is less effective than sterilisation, which is an extreme physical and/or chemical process that kills all types of life.
    The US disinfectant and antimicrobial chemical market will grow five percent annually through 2009 based on concerns about bacterial and pathogenic threats. Phenolic compounds, iodophors, nitrogen compounds and organometallics will remain the top products. The dominant disinfectant segment will outpace antimicrobials.

    Triple Super Phosphate

    Triple superphosphate, also known as double, treble, or concentrated superphosphate, is a fertilizer material with a phosphorus content of over 40 percent, measured as phosphorus pentoxide
    (P2O5).Triple Superphosphate is a high analysis product of the reaction between phosphate rock and phosphoric acid, containing 45 - 48% available phosphate (AP).
    The demand for fertilizer depends on the price of the crop, the price of fertilizer, prices of other inputs that substitute for or complement fertilizer, and the parameters of the fertilizer production function.The outlook for the fertilizer market through 2014 is for a growing agricultural market. After farmers reduced applications of P and K fertilizers in the last two fertilizer seasons, P fertilizer demand is expected to grow substantially in the next few years.

    GPS Devices

    Global Positioning System (GPS) is a revolutionary tool, which provides unequalled accuracy and flexibility of positioning for navigation, surveying and Geographic information system (GIS) data

    Opportunities remain untapped for various vertical segments of GPS market, like in new advanced access devices, chipset availability, and PND market.
    Domestic and foreign participation has been continuously increasing as they compete for a sizeable share in this market with high profit opportunities. Initiatives taken by the Indian Government is also expected to intensify the demand for GPS based solutions and services by a large extent.


    Triacetonamine is used as an intermediate for light stabilizer for synthetic polymers. The other names of Triacetonamine are Triacetoneamine; Tetramethylpiperidinone; 2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-4-piperidone; Odoratine; TEMP; Vincubina; Vincubine.
    Triacetonamine has been recognized as a key intermediate in the preparation of certain 4-substituted 2,2,6,6 - tetramethylpiperidine derivatives which are excellent in protecting synthetic resin compositions against the deleterious influences of heat and light. 

    Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC)

    • Hypromellose (INN), short for hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), is a semisynthetic, inert, viscoelastic polymer used as an ophthalmic lubricant, as well as an excipient and controlled-delivery component in oral medicaments, found in a variety of commercial products.
    • As a food additive, hypromellose is an emulsifier, thickening and suspending agent, and an alternative to animal gelatin.
    • HPMC has many pharmaceutical uses, as a drug carrier, a coating agent, a tabletting agent, an emulsifier in ointments. It is also used in ophthalmic solutions and as a slow release agent.
    • It is widely used in personal care products as a thickening agent and foam stablizer.
    • It is also used in tile adhesives, cement renders, paints and coatings in the construction industry as a thickening agent.

    Friday, November 18, 2011

    Rust Converter | How to Use Gemplers Rust Converter

    Rust Converter

    Rust Converter is a synthetic polymeric formula that converts existing rust into a moisture free, black protective coating. Not only does it eliminate existing rust, but it seals out moisture to prevent the possibility of future rust formation and corrosion.

    Commercial rust Converters are a water-based primer, contains two active ingredients: Tannic acid and an organic polymer. Tannic acid, reacts with iron oxides (rust) and chemically converts it to iron tannate, a dark-colored stable material. The second active ingredient, usually 2-Butoxyethanol, is an organic polymer that provides a protective primer layer.

    Rust Converter can be used on any rusty iron or steel object. It can be used on vehicles, trailers, fences & gates, iron railings and staircases, sheet metal, cast iron, outsides of tanks, lawn equipment, mower decks, farm equipment, tractors to name just a few. It will not work on aluminum, copper, stainless steel or galvanized metal.

    Wednesday, November 16, 2011


    A depilatory is a cosmetic used for the temporary removal of unwanted hair.

    A depilatory is generally applied and left on for between five and 15 minutes.

    The hair removal process used by this type of product acts as a type of exfoliant, removing the dead skin cells that build up every day and make your skin feel rough.

    Removing hair from the operative site is a time-honoured preoperative exercise.

    Depilatory services can be better described in Brazil as a ritual rather than a cosmetic treatment. The importance of depilatory services in Brazil is in a certain way responsible for mastering in techniques, such as the Brazilian Wax, known worldwide.


    The term “aseptic” is derived from the Greek word “septicos” which means the absence of putrefactive micro-organisms. Aseptic describes a product or method that is free of microbiological organisms, that would lead to spoilage, fermentation, or contamination.

    Aseptic packages are made of several laminated layers, including paper, aluminum and low-density polyethylene.

    The aseptic package itself is a unique, multi-layer lamination that combines the best attributes of paper, plastic and aluminum to form a singular, high-performance beverage container.

    The post-consumption aseptic cartons value approximately 120 USD/ton. The recycled materials have the following values: recycled paper (120 USD/ton. – market value), aluminum (2500 USD/ton., according to the LME – London Metal Exchange) and paraffin (500 USD/ton. – market value of high purity paraffin for industrial applications).


    A windmill is a machine which converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.

    The first practical windmills had sails that rotated in a horizontal plane, around a vertical axis.

    Windmills were in widespread use across the Middle East and Central Asia, and later spread to China and India from there.

    The total number of wind powered mills in Europe is estimated to have been around 200,000 at its peak, compared to some 500,000 waterwheels.

    A windmill used to generate electricity is commonly called a wind turbine.


    This Fibro-Seal lattice, together with the viscous transportation system (the "green" goo) seeks out and tightly packs itself into the puncture, preventing and repairing flats with a flexible long lasting plug.

    The unstable nature of weathered asbestos surfaces is a cause of some concern in the community and the Fibroseal System has been developed to minimise the danger of hazardous airborne fibres and provides an attractive durable finish.

    The Fibroseal System of primer and topcoat will give many years of protection to all asbestos surfaces.

    Titanium Sponge

    • Titanium sponge is a porous form of titanium that is created during the first stage of processing. In its natural form, titanium is widely available within the earth’s crust.
    • After being extracted, it is processed to remove excess materials and convert it into a usable, although costly, product.
    • In powder form, it is dark gray, titanium is as strong as steel with only 45% of its weight, so when combined with other metals, it greatly improves the strength and the ability to withstand extremes of temperature.
    • Titanium sponge is used extensively for coating the surface of implantable medical devices to accelerate bone growth and the healing process.

    Windmills Homemade

    wind mill project feasibility

    Flash powder - 70/30 Eckhart super H / KClO4 with titanium sponge

    Titanium Sponge

    Foot-operated paper bag machine

    Foot-operated paper bag machine | Featured Innovation | People | DARE - Because Entrepreneurs Do |

    Tuesday, November 15, 2011

    Noble Chloraloy Shower Pan Liner

    More on the applications

    Automatic wet wipes converting machine for flat pack products

    ASCEPTIC Technology

    Chlorinated Polyethylene

    Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) is one kind of high molecule elastic material developed in late years, which is one of the random chloride produced through reaction of polyethylene and chlorine. Along with rapid development of plastic and rubber industry, its application becomes much wider.

    CPE has good flexibility, ozone resistance, weather ability, heat aging, oil resistance, flame retardance, electrical properties, chemical resistance sex. Flexibility and a weakened resistance to cold.

    China and the United States were the two largest consumers of chlorinated polyethylene.

    About 80% of CPE is used for PVC modification and about 20% for the production of wires, cables and ABS modification. World consumption of CPE is forecast to grow at an average annual rate of about 4%.

    Monday, November 14, 2011

    Time for an Ethanol Pipeline?

    Ethanol Pipeline

    Pipelines have been used for transportation of ethanol in Brazil, and there are several ethanol pipeline projects in Brazil and the United States.
    EA Energy assumed 48% of ethanol would be moved by pipeline.
    Wider use of pipelines to transport ethanol is problematic for several reasons. It means addressing ethanol’s water affinity problem (ethanol is water soluble meaning it absorbs water). The second challenge to transporting ethanol by pipeline is the need to address corrosion issues. Ethanol-related corrosion problems can result from how ethanol behaves in the pipe.

    Thursday, November 10, 2011

    Fast Food

    • Fast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly.
    • While any meal with low preparation time can be considered to be fast food, typically the term refers to food sold in a restaurant or store with preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away.
    • The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.
    • The capital requirements involved in opening up a non-franchised fast food restaurant are relatively low.
    • Teens between the ages of 13 and 18 purchased 800 to 1,100 calories in an average fast food visit.

    Wednesday, November 09, 2011

    Day Care Center

    Day Care Center is the place where learning and fun become one and the primary place where young children learn social and pre-academic skills necessary for success in school.The basic requirements for a daycare center includes Staff, Educational Tools for children, Class Rooms, Teachers’ Room, Library/Entertainment Room, Principal & Administration Room, Washrooms & Kitchen, Grounds, Furniture, seesaw and other such items for physical activities, soft board and white boards etc.
    The demand for preschool childcare has reached a high level and continues to rise as we enter the 21 st  century.  Over the past several decades, women have entered the workforce in record number. 

    Tuesday, November 08, 2011

    Friday, November 04, 2011


    Cytokines are small cell-signaling protein molecules that are secreted by the glial cells of the nervous system and by numerous cells of the immune system and are a category of signaling molecules used extensively in intercellular communication.

    Cytokines have been classed as lymphokines, interleukins, and chemokines, based on their presumed function, cell of secretion, or target of action.

    Cytokines are highly pharmacologically active and thus may be effective agents for modifying biological responses.

    Cytokines and growth factor related products in the multiplexed bead array market may represent approximately 60-70% of product revenues.

    Grafted Polymer

    Graft copolymers are a special type of branched copolymer in which the side chains are structurally distinct from the main chain.The grafting of polymers onto carbon nanotubes (CNT) and nanofibers, such as vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF) surfaces was achieved by (1) the ``grafting onto'' method, (2) ``polymer reaction'' method, (3) ``grafting from'' method, and (4) ``stepwise growth'' method by dendrimer synthesis methodology.
    Grafting with telechelic polymers provides an alternative method, commonly referred to as grafting onto , for synthesizing hybrid branched architectures.
    Graft copolymerization is considered to be one of the most promising approaches to a wide variety of molecular designs leading to novel type of
    tailored hybrid materials.

    Polycrystalline Silicon

    • Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon, is a material consisting of small silicon crystals.
    • It differs from single-crystal silicon, used for electronics and solar cells, and from amorphous silicon, used for thin film devices and solar cells.
    • Polysilicon is a key component for integrated circuit and central processing unit manufacturers such as AMD and Intel.
    • At the component level, polysilicon has long been used as the conducting gate material in MOSFET and CMOS processing technologies.
    • Polysilicon manufacturing market is in a very fast growth mode.


    Incense is composed of aromatic biotic materials. It releases fragrant smoke when burned. 


    Amaranthus is the genus for the pigweed family. The word is derived from the Greek word amarantus, which means “everlasting.” Amaranth, an ancient crop originating in the Americas, can be used as a high-protein grain or as a leafy vegetable, and has potential as a forage crop.
    The production of amaranth in Latin America diminished dramatically subsequent to Spanish rule, the positive attributes of the crop led to its adoption in other areas of the world. By the 1700s, amaranth had spread throughout Europe for use as a herb and ornamental.


    Ajwain (also known as Carom, Ajowan, Bishop's Weed and Seeds Of Bishop's Weed), is an uncommon spice except in certain areas of Asia. It is the small seed-like fruit of the Bishop's Weed plant, egg-shaped and grayish in color. The plant has a similarity to parsley.
    Usage of ajowan is almost confined to Central Asia and Northern India. Ajowan is particularly popular in savoury Indian recipes like savoury pastries, snacks and breads.
    Ajowan is much used as a medicinal plant is ayurvedic medicine for its antispasmodic, stimulant, tonic and carminative properties. The seeds are used to ease asthma and indigestion. It is also widely used to treat diarrhoea and flatulence. In the West, thymol is used in medicines against cough and throat irritation. The thymol content makes ajowan a potent fungicide.

    Ashoka Tree

    The Ashoka tree (lit., "sorrow-less") is a flowering tree considered sacred throughout India and Sri Lanka where it is found. It is prized for its beautiful foliage and flowers. A precious plant, the tree’s name ‘Ashoka’ means ‘without sorrow’ in Sanskrit.
    The demand of Ashok bark is more at domestic level than at international level. The requirement of Ashok bark in Everest Homeo is about 1 quintal per annum, that of bhuineem being 1.5 quintals and of RS roots, about 75 kg.

    Agar - Agar

    Agar (a-gar)' or agar agar ' is a gelatinous substance chiefly used as a solid substrate to contain culture medium for microbiological work. Agar- Agar is a combination of polysaccharides made up of neutral molecules (agarose) plus others electrically charged (agaropectine). Chemically, agar is a polymer made up of subunits of the sugar galactose.
    The demand for bacteriological agar comes mostly from industrialized countries although demand in developing countries is also on the rise. Developing countries supply about 90% of the seaweed used for agar, only 38% of the agar is produced in the world market. High Commercial value and dried seaweed is exported to Japan, Korea and even Taiwan. Agar-Agar produced locally is in demand in the local market


    Amylase refers to a group of enzymes whose catalytic function is to hydrolyze (breakdown) sugar and starch.
    Amylases can be divided into two categories, endoamylases and exoamylases.
    The spectrum of amylase application has widened in many other fields, such as clinical, medical, and analytical chemistries, as well as  their wide spread application in starch sacccharification and in the textile, food, fermentation, paper, brewing and distilling industries.Among the specific types of industrial enzymes, protease and amylase lead the market with current shares of 25% and 20%, respectively. Geographically, the North America market is currently leading with 36% of total market share and will continue to do so through the forecast period.


    Asafoetida, the gum resin prized as a condiment in India and Iran, is obtained chiefly from plant Ferula asafetida. The Latin name ferula means "carrier" or "vehicle". Asa is a latinized form of Farsi asa "resin ", and Latin foetidus means "smelling, fetid". A related species (F.vulgaris), native to the Mediterranean, is mentioned in the Greek mythology as the plant that helped Prometheus to carry the stolen fire from the Sun to the Earth.
    Ninety per cent of the Asafoetida used in India is from Afghanistan and is called the kabuli hing. the Iranian variety is of better quality and comes in three types — sheer, xl and hingda.

    Aseptic Technology

    Aseptic technique is a general term involving practices that minimize the introduction of microorganisms to patients during patient care. There are two categories of asepsis; general asepsis which applies to patient care procedures outside the operating theatre and surgical asepsis relating to procedures/processes designed to prevent surgical site infection. 
    Aseptic technique includes preparation of the patient, such as hair removal and disinfection of the operative site; preparation of the surgeon, such as provision of decontaminated surgical attire, surgical scrub, and sterile surgical gloves; sterilization of instruments supplies, and implanted materials; and the use of operative techniques to reduce the likelihood of infection.


    Anise, Pimpinella anisum L., a herbaceous annual native to the Mediterranean region and Egypt, is cultivated in Europe, Asia India, Mexico, North Africa, and the USSR. The plant reaches a height of about 0.5 meters and requires a warm and long frost-free growing season of 120 days.
    Anise is used for bloating, wind, colic and heartburn, digestive, restoring equilibrium, stress and irritation, tight chest, bronchitis, breath sweetening, antispasmodic.



    An adhesive is a compound that adheres or bonds two items together. Adhesives may come from either natural or synthetic sources.
    Phenol (C6H50H), the primary component of the resin used for the wood adhesives, is made from petroleum. In making adhesives and plastics from wood waste or other biomass uses solvent lo exlraci and concentrale a phenolics and neutrals traction lrom the pyrolysis oil.
    The global presentation identifies the Pressure Sensitive Adhesives demand in the USA, Western Europe and Japan which, when combined, represents about 80% of the world market place.


    Edible vaccines are composed of antigenic proteins and do not contain pathogenic genes (because obviously they use attenuated strains).

    Development of edible vaccines is a possible high-volume, low-cost delivery system for third-world countries to fight against fatal maladies like AIDS, hepatitis and diarrhea.

    Edible vaccines hold great promise as a cost-effective, easy-to-administer, easy-to-store, fail-safe and socioculturally readily acceptable vaccine delivery system, especially for the poor developing countries.

    Edible vaccines are sub-unit vaccines that introduce selected genes into the plants and facilitate the production of the encoded protein.Edible vaccines are mucosal-targeted vaccines that stimulate both the systematic and mucosal immune network takes place.

    Thursday, November 03, 2011

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC)

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC) (Polyanionic Cellulose) is a kind of nonionic cellulose ether featured the properties of high purity, high DS, particularly high viscosity or low viscosity.

    PAC has good properties of salt resistance and temperature resistance, PAC is especially better then CMC and also it have good non-Newtonian fluid, can effectively control the mobility of mud.

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC) is a good filtrate reducer with the capacity of increasing viscosity and anti-high temperature (150°C) in the freshwater, seawater, or even saturated brine well-completion liquid.

    Wednesday, November 02, 2011


    Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer is part of the polyolefin family which is composed of thermoplastic polymers, such as low-, medium- and high-density polyethylene and polypropylene.

    EVA foam is non-biodegradable.

    EVA is a random copolymer, obtained by the co-polymerisation of ethylene.

    Eva sole is a product involving a process which uses specially designed presses to directly vulcanize where rubber compound is used especially in the manufacturing of foot wear industry.


    Surimi is a refined form of minced fish meat.

    The Japanese word "surimi" literally means "minced meat". However, surimi is more than minced meat.

    Raw surimi is a truly bland material, since its flavor components are removed by the leaching process.

    Japan's exports of surimi-based products to the U.S. have risen sharply in recent years.

    The Japanese government launched an $8.5 million 5- year program aiming to develop surimi from the dark meat of sardine and Pacific mackerel, abundant domestic species.


    In solid-state ionics, a solid-state battery is a battery that has both solid electrodes and solid electrolytes.

    Solid-state batteries generally fall into the low-power density and high-energy density category.

    The first solid state electrolyte system received particular attention for switch applications is the Ag2S/Ag structure.

    Solid state battery isolators use a micro-processor and FETs to control the On & Off connection between the two voltage sensitive terminal posts according to preset voltage of each terminal.

    Ferolite products

    • After closer evaluation, the economics of film lamination and the overall process do not favor it is long-term use.
    • Ferrolite polymer film coatings adhere to the substrate (ECCS material is used as the substrate) through the use of special bonding layers which are co-extruded with the main polymer layer.
    • The main types used are: Polypropylene (PP), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and Nylon (N)polyamide.
    • Film lamination (ex. Ferrolite, TULC, Crystal Can) may seem to be a com- patible technology with extrusion coating.

    Tuesday, November 01, 2011

    Labetalol Hydrochloride

    Labetalol Hydrochloride is an adrenergic receptor blocking agent that has both selective alpha1- and nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking actions in a single substance.

    Labetalol Hydrochloride Injection is used to lower high blood pressure, also called hypertension.

    Labetalol HCl Injection is contraindicated in bronchial asthma, overt cardiac failure, greater than first degree heart block, cardiogenic shock, severe bradycardia, other conditions associated with severe and prolonged hypotension.

    Labetalol was quicker and more efficient at controlling blood pressure, having a beneficial effect on renal functions and causing fewer side effects compared with methyldopa.

    Mushroom Products

    Mushrooms are gradually becoming popular as they are rich in minerals and vitamins and very low on fat and sugar.
    The market for mushrooms has been expanding in recent years. The trend is away from the canned product toward fresh and dried mushroom sales.
    The production of mushrooms can play an important role in managing organic wastes which have become problematic as landfills reach capacity.


    Triacetonamine is used as an intermediate for light stabilizer for synthetic polymers.
    Triacetonamine has been recognized as a key intermediate in the preparation of certain 4-substituted 2,2,6,6 - tetramethylpiperidine derivatives which are excellent in protecting synthetic resin compositions against the deleterious influences of heat and light.

    Polyamide Resins

    Polyamide resin is a kind of micro-molecular polycondensed by vegetable oil unsaturated fatty acid dimer and polyamine.

    Polyamide resin, which has been widely used as a curing agent for epoxy resin, is formed by the condensation reaction between dimer acid and polyamine, and contains reactive primary and secondary amines in its molecules.

    Polyamide resins are durable and have excellent friction/abrasion resistance and oil/solvent resistance. For these favorable characteristics, polyamide resins are widely utilized for industrial materials.

    Polyamide resins find wide use as binders in printing inks for flexogravure application on certain paper, film, and foil webs.

    Surging Dollar prices make gold dropped

    What would be the potential of Gold Investment - in the long run & short time?
    The Investors are keen to know

    Thursday, October 27, 2011

    Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene

    Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a versatile polymer used in a broad range of medical, industrial, and high technology applications.

    Polytetrafluoroethylene or PTFE is a one of the major components in the fabric used to make safety clothes for those involved in heavy industries.

    China is the largest producer and consumer of PTFE in the world. The region, in recent years, increased the production capacity of PTFE, by aggressively debottle- necking existing plants and adding new facilities.

    The Report conclude use of the polytetrafluoroethylene surgical membrane for pericardial closure in children is a safe procedure that helps prevent complications at reoperation.