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Monday, August 22, 2011

Egg Powder

Powdered eggs are fully dehydrated eggs. They are made in a spray dryer in the same way that powdered milk is made. Egg powder is one of the most common products in poultry industry in the country.
The major market is defense establishments, various government and non-government nutritional programmes, bakeries and all such areas like hills or forests where transportation is difficult. India is said to be the lowest cost egg producer in the world. An estimated production cost of Rs 1.11 per egg (2.55 US cents) makes it much lower than all the other major producers.

Coconut Cream

Coconut cream is a very thick, rich creamy food product made from coconut.

Coconut cream is used as an ingredient in cooking, having a mild non-sweet taste.

A small amount of coconut cream added to local root crops and starchy fruits makes a good energy food for young infants.

Sales of canned coconut cream in the supermarkets have grown significantly over recent years.

Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus oil is the generic name for distilled oil from the leaf of Eucalyptus, a genus of the plant family Myrtaceae.

Eucalyptus oil has a history of wide application, as a pharmaceutical, antiseptic, repellent, flavouring, fragrance and industrial uses.

Next to citrus oil, Eucalyptus is the second biggest essential oil produced in South Africa. It accounts for approximately 5% of the world's supply, competing with the likes of China and Australia

Friday, August 19, 2011


A cigarette (French: "small cigar", from cigare + -ette) is a small roll of finely cut tobacco leaves wrapped in a cylinder of thin paper for smoking.
The cigarette is ignited at one end and allowed to smoulder; its smoke is inhaled from the other end, which is held in or to the mouth and in some cases a cigarette holder may be used as well.
The term cigarette, as commonly used, refers to a tobacco cigarette but can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cloves or cannabis.

Thursday, August 18, 2011

Chili oil

Chili oil is an essential ingredient in Chinese cooking, especially in Szechuan recipes. It is typically made from hot peppers, so only a few drops are added. Chili oil is typically red in color. It is made from vegetable oil, often soybean oil or sesame oil, although olive oil or other oils may be used.

Menthol Oil

The botanical name of peppermint is Mentha piperita and it belongs to the Lamiaceae family.
The part of peppermint that is used medicinally is the aerial part, which contains volatile oils (menthol, pulegone, cineole), bitter principles and tannins.
Menthol is the main constituent of mentha oil and slow cooling through refrigeration, crystallization, centrifugation and drying is done to obtain it. It is used in the manufacture of lozenges, toothpastes, pain balms, cold balms etc.
Peppermint Oil is used to cure indigestion, headaches, colic, gingivitis, irritable bowel syndrome, spasms and rheumatism. It is also used in the manufacture of Mint sweets and chocolates.

Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Banana Powder

Banana powder is a powder made from processed bananas.

Banana powder made from dried green banana could be stored in an air-tight container for several months.

It is used as a component for production of milk shakes and baby foods.

It is also used in the manufacture of various types of cakes and biscuits.

Banana powder, because of its high concentration of banana essence, has been found to be a "major source of carbohydrate and calories".

Ginger Oil

Ginger oil can be produced from fresh or dried rhizomes (ginger). Oil from the dried rhizomes will contain fewer of the low boiling point volatile compounds.

Ginger oil is commercially important as about 10 to 15 tones of this oil are estimated to be used annually in the world as a
flavoring agent for soft drinks, bitters cordials, liquors, bakery products, pickles, sauces, preserves, etc.

Ginger oil is a good expectorant it is effective in various respiratory problems such as cold, cough, flu, asthma, bronchitis , breathlessness and also as effective against cancer cells in vivo.

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

Wine from Banana

Banana belongs to the family Musaceae and genus Musa.

Banana wine is a fruit wine made from bananas.

Banana wine is a traditional drink of east Africa, where it plays a role in social events and cultural rituals – in Buganda

Banana wine is one of the latest processed products of banana to enter the market.

Use black or spotted bananas, whatever you can scrounge.


Ferula assafoetida is an herbaceous, monoecious, perennial plant of the family Umbelliferae, also called Apiaceae.

Asafetida comes from the milky sap of a giant fennel plant.

Asafoetida grows wild in most of Western Asia. The plant thrives, also, in continental climates where the temperature goes to extremes.

Asafoetida is approved for food use in the USA.

Baking Powder

Baking powder is a solid mixture that is used as a chemical leavening agent in baked goods.
It can be composed of a number of materials, but usually contains baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3), cream of tartar (potassium bitartrate, C4H5KO6), and cornstarch. (A base, an acid, and a filler respectively) .
Baking powder is made by generating these solids, combining them in unique proportions, and then transferring them to packaging.
First developed in the mid 1800s, baking powder formulations have changed little since.

Saturday, August 13, 2011

Banana Beer

Banana beer is an alcoholic beverage made from fermentation of mashed bananas.

Banana beer processing involves 6 main steps; peeling of bananas, extraction of the juice
from the bananas, filtration, dilution, fermentation and packaging.

Banana beer is made from bananas, mixed with a cereal flour (often sorghum flour) and fermented to an orange, alcoholic beverage. It is sweet and slightly hazy with a shelf life of several days under correct storage conditions.

In Central and East Africa, the juice from the ripe fruit of varieties known as “beer bananas” may be drunk fresh or fermented to make a beer with a low alcohol content and short shelf-life.

In Kenya, banana beer is known as urwaga, in Uganda as lubisi, in Rwanda and Burundi as urwagwa.

Corn Oil

Corn oil has a higher polyunsaturated fatty acid content and a lower saturated fatty acid content, thus healthier for human consumption.

Refined corn oil is 99% triglyceride, with proportions of approximately 59% polyunsaturated fatty acid, 24% monounsaturated fatty acid, and 13% saturated fatty acid.

Industrial uses for corn oil include soap, salve, paint, rust proofing for metal surfaces, inks, textiles, nitroglycerin, and insecticides

The present demand for the Corn Oil is estimated at 195 tonnes per annum. The demand is expected to reach at 334 tonnes by the year 2017.

Friday, August 12, 2011

Papaya Pulp

The papaya is a large pear-shaped fruit with golden-yellow skin.

The pulp of the papaya is also golden-yellow and is fleshy, juicy and smooth. It has a sweet-tart flavor. It has a large central cavity which is filled with shiny, gray seeds.

The papaya is a popular breakfast fruit in many countries and is also used in many food preparations like salads, pies, juices, and confections.

Papaya pulp is used in food processing industry.

Papaya contains a high amount of potassium and the flesh of papaya is very high in Vitamin A.

Usually papaya pulp is used in a mixture with other fruits for yoghurt, baby food and multi-fruit drinks.

Thursday, August 11, 2011


Cholestyramine (CSM) is an FDA-approved medication used to lower elevated levels of cholesterol.

Cholestyramine is a quaternary ammonium anion exchange resin with a strong affinity for bile salts.

Cholestyramine is also used to treat severe itching caused by liver disease and also be used to treat diarrhea.

Cholestyramine removes bile acids from the body by forming insoluble complexes with bile acids in the intestine, which are then excreted in the feces. When bile acids are excreted, plasma cholesterol is converted to bile acid to normalize bile acid levels. This conversion of cholesterol into bile acids lowers plasma cholesterol concentrations.

Wednesday, August 10, 2011


Tea is, of course, Darjeeling's most famous export. From its 78 gardens, employing over 40,000 people, it produces the bulk of West Bengal's crop, which is almost a quarter of India's total.

The tea plantations were one of the first agricultural enterprises to use clonal plants in their replanting scheme, though most of the tea trees are at least 100 years old and nearing the end of their useful of even natural lives.

Tea plantation is a labor intensive operations; and its capital investment is limited to a few tractors some machines for drying and packing.

Tea plantation industry is an important industry in Kerala

The first Indian to start planting of tea was an Assamese nobleman Maniram Dutta Barma, popularly known as Maniram Dewan.

Tea plantation, tea estates and the tea industry as a whole has been seriously hit by the explosive environment in Assam.

Cold Drinks

A soft drink (also called soda, pop, coke, soda pop, fizzy drink, tonic, or carbonated beverage) is a non-alcoholic beverage that typically contains carbonated water, a sweetener, and a flavoring agent. Globally, India ranked 25th in terms of retail sales and 13th in terms of the number of new product launches in the soft drinks market in 2009.
Coca-Cola remains the market leader in the carbonates category with a market share of more than 60%  in the Indian market, followed by Pepsi with around 35%.

Vanaspati Ghee

Vansaspati ghee, a fully or partially hydrogenated vegetable cooking oil, often used as a cheaper substitute for ghee.
In India, vanaspati ghee is usually made from palm oil.
Hydrogenation is performed using a catalyst known as "supported nickel catalyst", in reactors at low-medium pressure (3-10 bar).
Vanaspati ghee is manufactured from partially hydrogenated permitted vegetable oils.

Tuesday, August 09, 2011

Fingerprinting & Backward-Quality-Projection-in-Textile-Products

Fingerprinting & Backward-Quality-Projection-in-Textile-Products is to design and develop a quaiity ~‘process control system for the 2 i St century U. S. Textile Industry.

Backward Quality Projection of Common and Frequent Quality Problems task is to identify quality characteristics associated with both good and poor quality yarn and fabric.

Neural networks as numerical algorithms of a specific structure are capable of processing information. Neural networks are now frequently used for
approximation, including the textile industry.


Hot chocolate" is a sweet chocolate drink made with hot milk or water, and powder containing chocolate, sugar, and powdered milk.

"Cocoa" usually refers to a similar drink made with just hot milk and cocoa powder, then sweetened to taste with sugar.

Flavored milk drinks are available in many varieties. Viscosities range from that of whole milk, to “thick milkshake” products which achieve their viscosity through use of thickening additives, sometimes in combination with freezing.

Cocoa adds color and flavor to chocolate drinks.

Silk-Reeling Unit

Silk reeling, also called winding silk energy, refers to a set of neigong movement principles expressed in traditional styles of t'ai chi ch'uan, but especially emphasised by the Chen and Wu styles of t'ai chi ch'uan. The name derives from the metaphorical principle of "reeling the silk from a silk worm's cocoon".

Silk Reeling is the process by which a number of cocoon baves are reeled together to produce a single thread.

Cocoons should not be too flossy. Floss merely adds to the weight of cocoons when yielding silk for reeling. Cocoons should have well-rounded and firm ends and must not have too pronounced points.

The cooked cocoons sink in water at the time of reeling.

Re – reeling is done to transfer the raw silk into standard sized hanks.

Apple Juice Canning and Bottling

Apple juice is a fruit juice manufactured by the maceration and pressing of apples. Apple juice drinks have a fruit content ranging between 6 and 30 percent, and also include water, fruit aromas, sugar and, in some cases, food acids.
The future demand for processed and canned apple juice and syrup is a function of urbanization, income and change in the consumption habit of the population.

Packaged Drinking Water

Bottled water is drinking water, carbonated water, mineral water, distilled water, spring water, artesian well water, or de-ionized water packaged in plastic bottles or glass bottles.

Carbonated water (also known as club soda, soda water, sparkling water, seltzer, or fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, a process that causes the water to become effervescent.

Ultra filtration has smaller pores than used in micro filtration, can remove finer particles from the water and is capable of removing viruses also.

In India total market size of the bottled water is Rs 2000 crore, of this around Rs 1700 crore is in the hands of organized sector and the rest is with unorganized sector.

Monday, August 08, 2011

Carbon Capture

Carbon capture and storage (CCS), alternatively referred to as carbon capture and sequestration, is a means of mitigating the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the process of removing or reducing the CO2 content of streams normally released to the atmosphere, and transporting the captured CO2 to a location for permanent storage.

The carbon capture process has been used for several decades in the petroleum, chemical, and power industries for a variety of reasons relevant to those industrial processes.

Most applications of CCS in industry – for example for boilers, turbines, iron & steel, furnaces and cement kilns - require a capture step to concentrate relatively dilute streams of CO2 to a level that will enable economic transportation and storage.

Carbon dioxide capture can be used for the following applications: CO2 sequestration, Enhanced oil recovery (EOR), Merchant CO2 sales, Chemical feedstock production.

Saturday, August 06, 2011

Aerated Water

Aerated water is distilled water to which purified air is added to improve its flavor.Aeration can be accomplished by mechanical aerators or underwater air diffusers. Mechanical aerators agitate water to produce liquid to air contact, while underwater diffusers introduce air bubbles from a depth to achieve oxygen transfer and mixing.Rising concerns amongst consumers regarding health and with increasing promotional activities; the market shows huge potential for players.

Leather and Leather Chemicals

Leather is a durable and flexible material created via the tanning of putrescible animal rawhide and skin, primarily cattlehide. It can be produced through different manufacturing processes, ranging from cottage industry to heavy industry.
The leather industry in India has many distinct advantages—strong raw material base, skilled workforce, competitive wage levels and improved awareness of global trade requirements. It has been identified as a thrust area for exports.

Friday, August 05, 2011

Bio Polyol

BiOH polyols are made from vegetable oils such as soybean oil and are used in the manufacture of flexible foam for bedding, furniture and automobiles.

Bio-polyols now in the market use virgin oils, such as castor bean or soybean, we use a true waste-stream. This makes our product 5-10 percent cheaper than petroleum-based or natural oil-based foams.

Production of bio-polyols reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 36% compared to traditional petroleum-based polyols.

Thursday, August 04, 2011

Corn Flakes

Corn flakes are a popular breakfast cereal originally manufactured by Kellogg's through the
treatment of maize.
The term "Corn Flakes" was devised by Mr. John Kellogg, the inventor. It was originally referred
to as "Granose", but this was later changed to the far more obvious name "Corn Flakes".
This term refers simply to the product, flakes of corn, in what is obviously a retro reference to the good old days of advertising, when you got exactly what it said on the tin (or cereal packet).

Workwear Stitching Unit

Workwear are clothes that are tailored to the individual needs of different jobs, as regards their function, fit, or workmanship. The target market for work wear garments is European Union and United States because there is a lot of potential and growth in the demand of work wear in these markets.

Wednesday, August 03, 2011

Carbon - Disulphide

Carbon disulphide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2. The compound is used frequently as a building block in organic chemistry as well as an industrial and chemical non-polar solvent.

Carbon disulphide is a natural product of anaerobic bio degradation. It is also synthesized via the catalyzed reaction between sulfur and methane at 600 °C.

Carbon Disulfide is a raw material for a large variety of chemical products. It is used in a variety of applications, including the production of regenerated cellulose (rayon and cellophane) and the manufacture of organic sulfur compounds including agricultural, pharmaceutical and rubber chemicals.

Calcium Phosphate Cement

Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) are made of one or several calcium phosphate (CaP) powders and an aqueous solution.

Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) belong to a very important class of biomaterials because of their potential to be utilized in the human body for bone repair and substitution.

In dentistry calcium phosphate cements play a secondary role at the moment, although they often have excellent bone repair properties.

The most recent calcium phosphate cement to be introduced to the market is a-BSM from Etex Corp.

Foundry Informatics Centre

Take a look at
Interesting to know about foundry Industry

Consultancy to MSME

The MSME Ministry has invited institutions like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) and the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) to give suggestions for making the Rajiv Gandhi Udyami Mitra Yojna and Assistance to Training Institutions schemes more useful for budding entrepreneurs.


I had just found this articler on MSME Profile
about India scenario the link..


As per the targets given to the public sector banks, they have to achieve 20% growth in credit disbursement to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), of which half must go to the micro units.

Exit policy for MSME


Tuesday, August 02, 2011

Polo - t - Shirts

A polo shirt, also known as a golf shirt and tennis shirt, is a T-shaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or three-button placket, and an optional pocket.
The Indian market for branded products such as jeans, trousers, shirts, and other consumer goods is estimated at no larger than 40 million consumers. Making T-shirts is a fairly simple and largely automated process. Specially designed machines integrate cutting, assembling, and stitching for the most efficient operations.

Yarn-Dyeing & Finishing

Due to capital intensive nature, the number of yarn and fabric processing units established in Pakistan are not sufficient to cater to the growing demand of dyed yarn.

The most commonly used processes for imparting color to cotton are piece dyeing and yarn dyeing.

Finishing, as the term implies, is the final step in fabric production. Hundreds of finishes can be applied to textiles, and the methods of application are as varied as the finishes.

The pretreatment is to remove coloring matter and the impurities introduced during the fiber and yarn spinning and weaving processes, such as spinning oils, antistatic agents, lubricants.


Women designer wear Boutique including the operations of apparel designing, manufacturing, selling and marketing.

Clothing is a beautiful visual demonstration of the social and emotional needs of
people wearing it.

Fashion centres of the world have always included London

The UK is renowned as the birthplace of some of the world’s most creative and innovative
designer fashion labels.

Tents & Canvas-Manufacturing

Most widely used on tents and camper/tent trailers, canvas comes in various thicknesses
measured in ounces, i.e. 12 ounce. Each has specific uses and the thickest is not necessarily
the best.

Exports of canvas products from Pakistan constitute a major share of the world market.
Pakistan has 6% share in the world market of canvas products, specifically 5.9% in tents
and 9% in tarpaulins

The main products of canvas industry are tents and tarpaulins, whereas, other products
include canvas made-ups.

The Tents and Canvas industry of Pakistan comprises of 97 manufacturers and exporters
with a diverse range of canvas products including tents, tarpaulin and other made ups.


Social gaming is a new kind of online entertainment.

The social games are usually embedded within major social networks and allow users to play together. These games can also be referred to as casual games as they take relatively little time to achieve the game objectives. They can be very addicting as they are very entertaining and simple to play.

Social games are usually very simple and easy to play. Because of this, they can be played relatively quickly.

The Social games are great to play while doing other things. The second important thing with these games is the social aspect of social games as many users can play together and friends can help each other win.

The Social games are usually played over a social network which ensures that many users are encouraged to play the game via email, messages or by friends.


Lingerie is a term for fashionable and possibly alluring undergarments.

English smocking is embroidery on top of pleats. The pleating creates soft folds and loose fit in a garment, making this type of smocking popular for children's clothing and lingerie.

Lingerie is light, small and dainty. In the lingerie business, as in apparel more generally, R&D is
more simply known as design.

Lingerie is a batch manufacturing business. Batches of a certain product are created in response
to customer orders.


Socks are protective knitwear for the foot which are exhibited by elastic and plastic characteristics.

Socks could be knitted from natural fiber (cotton, wool), textured yarn of nylon, mixed spun yarn of synthetic fiber and natural fiber, and mixed knit of synthetic filament textured yarn and spun yarn of natural fiber.

Socks are broadly classified into two main categories, cotton and nylon or blended socks.

Utilities required in the process of stocks and stockings production consist of electricity, water, steam, fuel oil and lubricating oils.

In estimating the demand for the Socks products the supply of the product, which constitutes imports is considered as a proxy for demand.

Shale Gas

Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas.
Shale gas has become an increasingly important source of natural gas in the United States over the past decade, and interest has spread to potential gas shales in Canada, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
Some analysts expect that shale gas will greatly expand worldwide energy supply.

Monday, August 01, 2011

Lead Oxide

Lead oxide is a general term and can be either lead monoxide or "litharge" (PbO); lead tetroxide or "red lead" (Pb 3 O4 ); or black or "gray" oxide which is a mixture of 70 percent lead monoxide and 30 percent metallic lead.
Lead additions improve the appearance and cutting properties of crystal glass. Small additions are also made to optical and electrical glass.  The major application of leaded glass is in television screens and computer monitors, to protect viewers from the harmful X‐rays generated by these appliances

Zirconium Silicate

Zirconium silicate, also zirconium orthosilicate, (ZrSiO4) is a chemical compound, a silicate of zirconium.

Zirconium Silicate is used in production of some ceramics, enamels, and ceramic glazes.

Zircon is recovered from heavy mineral sands and is used largely for its thermal properties in the fields of ceramics refractories and foundry uses.

The zirconium minerals are used in the Italian ceramic industry for the production of ceramic colours, glazes, tiles and sanitary and table ware.

Australia is the world’s largest producer of zircon (zirconium silicate—ZrSiO4), chiefly in the form of heavy mineral sands


Colostrum (also known colloquially as beestings,bisnings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals in late pregnancy. Most species will generate colostrum just prior to giving birth. Colostrum contains antibodies to protect the newborn against disease, as well as being lower in fat and higher in protein than ordinary milk.