Carbon capture and storage (CCS), alternatively referred to as carbon capture and sequestration, is a means of mitigating the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming.
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the process of removing or reducing the CO2 content of streams normally released to the atmosphere, and transporting the captured CO2 to a location for permanent storage.
The carbon capture process has been used for several decades in the petroleum, chemical, and power industries for a variety of reasons relevant to those industrial processes.
Most applications of CCS in industry – for example for boilers, turbines, iron & steel, furnaces and cement kilns - require a capture step to concentrate relatively dilute streams of CO2 to a level that will enable economic transportation and storage.
Carbon dioxide capture can be used for the following applications: CO2 sequestration, Enhanced oil recovery (EOR), Merchant CO2 sales, Chemical feedstock production.