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Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Toffee (Cashew ) Making Made Easier

Toffee project

The Importance of Folate for Women of Child-bearing Age

Project Scope


  • Folate, a water-soluble vitamin, helps the body form red blood cells and aids in the formation of genetic material within every body cell.
  • Folate deficiency is a lack of folic acid in the diet and the signs are often subtle.
  • Folate, an important B-group vitamin, participates in many metabolic pathways such as DNA and RNA biosynthesis and amino acid inter-conversions.
  • Rapidly proliferating cells require large amounts of folate to support efficient DNA replication, repair and methylation indicating the importance of folate in human metabolism.
  • Folate is an essential cofactor during human erythropoiesis. Low folate levels lead to prolongation of the synthesis phase of cell division and retardation of germ cell maturation.
  • Probiotic bacteria, mostly belonging to the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, confer a number of health benefits to the host, including vitamin production.
  • Toffee

    Toffee is called soft boiled confectionery made by sugar along with butter and milk. It is popular among young and also with the children. Toffee is a confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour. The mixture is heated until its temperature reaches the hard crack stage of 300 to 310 °F (149 to 154 °C). While being prepared, toffee is sometimes mixed with nuts or raisins.
    Toffees and candies are consumed both in rural and urban areas without any exception.Toffees and candies are mostly produced for local market; the volume was around 12,000 metric tons for the year 2003.

    Tuesday, November 29, 2011

    The Hindu : Karnataka / Mangalore News : Areca soaps to hit the market today

    The Hindu : Karnataka / Mangalore News : Areca soaps to hit the market today
    ..........About 2,000 kg of arecanut is required to make two lakh bars of soap ..
    each bar weighing 75 grams consumes the same quantity of arecanut normally consumed by a person a day. Each bar contains about 30 per cent of areca fruit extract — mainly tannin.

    Soap from Arecanut

    The Areca nut is the seed of the Areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. It is commonly referred to as "betel nut" as it is often chewed wrapped in betel leaves.
    Pooga Singar Deodorant Beauty Soap, made of areca fruit extract. This soap is invented by P. Shankar Bhat Badanaje, a farmer-cum-researcher of Vittla which is available in jasmine, rose, and tulsi fragrances.
    In India,arecanut is mainly grown in the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Assam. Kerala and Karnataka account for about 70% of the country’s production

    Monday, November 28, 2011



    A sealant is a material designed only to fill up a space. The spaces can be joints, gaps or cavities that occur between two substrates. ex : The space between a bathtub and wall.
    The primary function of a joint sealant is to maintain a positive seal between the sides of a joint, which may be subject to movement.
    Sealants are used to close small openings that are difficult to shut with other materials, such as concrete, drywall, etc. Uses of sealants vary widely and sealants are used in many industries, for example, construction, automotive and aerospace industries.
    The fast growing emerging markets, such as China and India, are supporting a significant portion of the incremental demand for adhesives and sealants globally.
    project information

    Ammonium Nitro Phosphate (ANP)

    • Ammonium nitrophosphate has another name Ammonium phosphate-nitrate
    • A Slurry of concentrated ammonium nitrte solution (97%) and ammonium phosphate is used to produce ammonium phosphate nitrate in a rotary drum granulator in the Pechiney-saint-gobain process
    • Ammonium phosphate-nitrate (27-12-0 + 4.5S) is made by reacting ammonia with a mixture of phosphoric and nitric acids.
    • The 94% AN melt and calcium carbonate which are both byproducts of the ANP plant are used as raw material for the production of CAN fertilizer.
    • ANP fertilizers were applied in solid form to soil, and reaction products formed at and around the site of ANP fertilizer placement were identified after six weeks incubation in moist soils by Xray diffraction technique.
    Project Information

    Friday, November 25, 2011

    Basic Chrome Sulphate

    Basic Chromium Sulphate (BCS)

    • Chromium(III) sulfate usually refers to the inorganic compound with the formula Cr2(SO4)3 • 12(H2O).
    • Chrome Sulphate is the basic tanning chemical.Apart from being expensive, Chrome Sulphate is also a serious pollutant.
    • Finishing chemicals are used to impart certain properties to the leather like softness, color, appearance etc.Like tanning chemicals finishing chemical also get discharged into wastewater.
    • Only those chemicals are fully retained which are applied as surface coating.
    • Basic chromium sulfate is produced from chromate salts by reduction with sulfur dioxide.The collected data shows 50-150 liter water is used for conversion of one kg of raw skin into leather

    Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) roofingOne of the most popular choices for commercial projects is an Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) roofing system

    Interesting product !
    want to know more ..EPDM is an elastomeric polymer synthesized from ethylene, propylene and a small amount of diene monomer, compounded with carbon black, processing oils and various cross-linking and stabilizing agents ...more information

    Relieves mucosal pain

    Pain to go !
    Topical anesthetic agents like Mucopain penetrate the oral mucosa and offer local anesthetic activity that lasts for 10-20 minutes ...

    Thursday, November 24, 2011

    Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer

    EPDM is a rubber material whose principal components consist of the compounds ethylene and propylene. A flexible rubber matrix forms when a small amount of diene is added to the mix. EPDM is available reinforced or unreinforced with both commonly used; it's also available in either a cured (vulcanized) or uncured (non-vulcanized) state. Vulcanized EPDM is the most common with non-vulcanized often used for flashing purposes.
    EPDM exhibits satisfactory compatibility with fireproof hydraulic fluids, ketones, hot and cold water, and alkalis, and unsatisfactory compatibility with most oils, gasoline, kerosene, aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, halogenated solvents, and concentrated acids..
    EPDM has achieved a reputation in the industry as a long-lasting material, and advancements in materials, techniques, and components have given manufacturers the confidence to offer the industry's longest warranties of thirty years.


    • Mucopain from ICPA contains Benzocaine. Benzocaine is a local anesthetic commonly used as a topical pain reliever.
    • Determination of benzocaine in mucopain gel is done by HPTLC densitometry. HPTLC method for determination of benzocaine and its applicability in the estimation in marketed product.
    • Mucopain gel (ICPA Health products Itd., Ankleshwar) was purchased from a local pharmacy. Mucopain gel was selected for benzocaine study since it can be extracted with much ease.

    Wednesday, November 23, 2011

    2-propylheptanol Plant

    Plant to produce 2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate (ADAME)

    Dimethyl Amino Ethyl Acrylate

    2-Dimethylaminoethyl acrylate (ADAME) is a yellowish liquid with a pungent odor. World-wide and in Japan, 95-97% of this substance is used to produce DMAEA quarternary ammonium salts which are used to produce polymers for industries such as water-treatment and paper-making.
    Arkema, which is the world number three in acrylics is to build a new production line for dimethyl amino ethyl acrylate (DMAEA) at Carling-Saint. Carling is one of the largest acrylic acid plants in the world. 

    Incompetent Expiratory Valve in anesthesia machine

    Anesthetic gas Project Information

    Anesthetic gases

    • An anesthetic gas is a gas that causes temporary loss of awareness and physical sensation.
    • Anesthetic gases cause general anesthesia, or total loss of consciousness, rather than local or regional anesthesia, which blocks sensation only in particular body parts.
    • Anesthetic gas is often used in modern medicine, either by itself or in combination with intravenous anesthetics, to keep patients unconscious during surgery.
    • A doctor trained to administer anesthetics is called an anesthesiologist or anesthetist.
    • Despite being commonplace in modern medicine, the mechanism by which anesthetic gas works is still uncertain.

    Fluorocarbon Coatings

    Fluorocarbon Coating is an organic coating consisting of solid lubricant dispersed in an organic binder and dissolved in a specially formulated mixture of solvents.

    Fluorocarbon Coating is also corrosion-resistant due to the use of a thermally, cured thermosetting synthetic binding material. When applied to the substrates resists galling, seizure and fretting and offers corrosion resistance.

    Fluorocarbon Coating can be given on any metal or alloy surface, which can be suitably pretreated, by phosphating, blasting, anodizing or Soft Nitriding /Nitrocarburising.

    Fluorocarbon coating for superior performance, are widely applied to various fields, especially in the construction materials on the performance of the more prominent, although the fluorocarbon coating in our country are just the initial stage, but with the domestic railways, highways, and various infrastructure construction progresses, fluorocarbon coatings market space is growing.

    Monday, November 21, 2011

    Monosodium Phosphate

    Monoammonium phosphate (11-48-0) is a dry material being used for bulk blending or direct applications. Monoammonium phosphate has a lower ammonia content and may be less injurious to germinating seeds than diammonium phosphate.The general agronomic effects of diammonium and monoammonium phosphates are equal for most soils.
    MAP is  produced by combining phosphoric acid and ammonia. The most common grade for MAP is 11% nitrogen and 52% phosphorus pentoxide. MAP is widely produced in granular form for direct application as a fertilizer or in bulk blending of dry fertilizers. The compound is also a component of some dry powder fire extinguishers. It is stored and transported as a solid at ambient temperatures.


    Disinfectants are substances that are applied to non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.Disinfection does not necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially nonresistant bacterial spores; it is less effective than sterilisation, which is an extreme physical and/or chemical process that kills all types of life.
    The US disinfectant and antimicrobial chemical market will grow five percent annually through 2009 based on concerns about bacterial and pathogenic threats. Phenolic compounds, iodophors, nitrogen compounds and organometallics will remain the top products. The dominant disinfectant segment will outpace antimicrobials.

    Triple Super Phosphate

    Triple superphosphate, also known as double, treble, or concentrated superphosphate, is a fertilizer material with a phosphorus content of over 40 percent, measured as phosphorus pentoxide
    (P2O5).Triple Superphosphate is a high analysis product of the reaction between phosphate rock and phosphoric acid, containing 45 - 48% available phosphate (AP).
    The demand for fertilizer depends on the price of the crop, the price of fertilizer, prices of other inputs that substitute for or complement fertilizer, and the parameters of the fertilizer production function.The outlook for the fertilizer market through 2014 is for a growing agricultural market. After farmers reduced applications of P and K fertilizers in the last two fertilizer seasons, P fertilizer demand is expected to grow substantially in the next few years.

    GPS Devices

    Global Positioning System (GPS) is a revolutionary tool, which provides unequalled accuracy and flexibility of positioning for navigation, surveying and Geographic information system (GIS) data

    Opportunities remain untapped for various vertical segments of GPS market, like in new advanced access devices, chipset availability, and PND market.
    Domestic and foreign participation has been continuously increasing as they compete for a sizeable share in this market with high profit opportunities. Initiatives taken by the Indian Government is also expected to intensify the demand for GPS based solutions and services by a large extent.


    Triacetonamine is used as an intermediate for light stabilizer for synthetic polymers. The other names of Triacetonamine are Triacetoneamine; Tetramethylpiperidinone; 2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-4-piperidone; Odoratine; TEMP; Vincubina; Vincubine.
    Triacetonamine has been recognized as a key intermediate in the preparation of certain 4-substituted 2,2,6,6 - tetramethylpiperidine derivatives which are excellent in protecting synthetic resin compositions against the deleterious influences of heat and light. 

    Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC)

    • Hypromellose (INN), short for hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), is a semisynthetic, inert, viscoelastic polymer used as an ophthalmic lubricant, as well as an excipient and controlled-delivery component in oral medicaments, found in a variety of commercial products.
    • As a food additive, hypromellose is an emulsifier, thickening and suspending agent, and an alternative to animal gelatin.
    • HPMC has many pharmaceutical uses, as a drug carrier, a coating agent, a tabletting agent, an emulsifier in ointments. It is also used in ophthalmic solutions and as a slow release agent.
    • It is widely used in personal care products as a thickening agent and foam stablizer.
    • It is also used in tile adhesives, cement renders, paints and coatings in the construction industry as a thickening agent.

    Friday, November 18, 2011

    Rust Converter | How to Use Gemplers Rust Converter

    Rust Converter

    Rust Converter is a synthetic polymeric formula that converts existing rust into a moisture free, black protective coating. Not only does it eliminate existing rust, but it seals out moisture to prevent the possibility of future rust formation and corrosion.

    Commercial rust Converters are a water-based primer, contains two active ingredients: Tannic acid and an organic polymer. Tannic acid, reacts with iron oxides (rust) and chemically converts it to iron tannate, a dark-colored stable material. The second active ingredient, usually 2-Butoxyethanol, is an organic polymer that provides a protective primer layer.

    Rust Converter can be used on any rusty iron or steel object. It can be used on vehicles, trailers, fences & gates, iron railings and staircases, sheet metal, cast iron, outsides of tanks, lawn equipment, mower decks, farm equipment, tractors to name just a few. It will not work on aluminum, copper, stainless steel or galvanized metal.

    Wednesday, November 16, 2011


    A depilatory is a cosmetic used for the temporary removal of unwanted hair.

    A depilatory is generally applied and left on for between five and 15 minutes.

    The hair removal process used by this type of product acts as a type of exfoliant, removing the dead skin cells that build up every day and make your skin feel rough.

    Removing hair from the operative site is a time-honoured preoperative exercise.

    Depilatory services can be better described in Brazil as a ritual rather than a cosmetic treatment. The importance of depilatory services in Brazil is in a certain way responsible for mastering in techniques, such as the Brazilian Wax, known worldwide.


    The term “aseptic” is derived from the Greek word “septicos” which means the absence of putrefactive micro-organisms. Aseptic describes a product or method that is free of microbiological organisms, that would lead to spoilage, fermentation, or contamination.

    Aseptic packages are made of several laminated layers, including paper, aluminum and low-density polyethylene.

    The aseptic package itself is a unique, multi-layer lamination that combines the best attributes of paper, plastic and aluminum to form a singular, high-performance beverage container.

    The post-consumption aseptic cartons value approximately 120 USD/ton. The recycled materials have the following values: recycled paper (120 USD/ton. – market value), aluminum (2500 USD/ton., according to the LME – London Metal Exchange) and paraffin (500 USD/ton. – market value of high purity paraffin for industrial applications).


    A windmill is a machine which converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.

    The first practical windmills had sails that rotated in a horizontal plane, around a vertical axis.

    Windmills were in widespread use across the Middle East and Central Asia, and later spread to China and India from there.

    The total number of wind powered mills in Europe is estimated to have been around 200,000 at its peak, compared to some 500,000 waterwheels.

    A windmill used to generate electricity is commonly called a wind turbine.


    This Fibro-Seal lattice, together with the viscous transportation system (the "green" goo) seeks out and tightly packs itself into the puncture, preventing and repairing flats with a flexible long lasting plug.

    The unstable nature of weathered asbestos surfaces is a cause of some concern in the community and the Fibroseal System has been developed to minimise the danger of hazardous airborne fibres and provides an attractive durable finish.

    The Fibroseal System of primer and topcoat will give many years of protection to all asbestos surfaces.

    Titanium Sponge

    • Titanium sponge is a porous form of titanium that is created during the first stage of processing. In its natural form, titanium is widely available within the earth’s crust.
    • After being extracted, it is processed to remove excess materials and convert it into a usable, although costly, product.
    • In powder form, it is dark gray, titanium is as strong as steel with only 45% of its weight, so when combined with other metals, it greatly improves the strength and the ability to withstand extremes of temperature.
    • Titanium sponge is used extensively for coating the surface of implantable medical devices to accelerate bone growth and the healing process.

    Windmills Homemade

    wind mill project feasibility

    Flash powder - 70/30 Eckhart super H / KClO4 with titanium sponge

    Titanium Sponge

    Foot-operated paper bag machine

    Foot-operated paper bag machine | Featured Innovation | People | DARE - Because Entrepreneurs Do |

    Tuesday, November 15, 2011

    Noble Chloraloy Shower Pan Liner

    More on the applications

    Automatic wet wipes converting machine for flat pack products

    ASCEPTIC Technology

    Chlorinated Polyethylene

    Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) is one kind of high molecule elastic material developed in late years, which is one of the random chloride produced through reaction of polyethylene and chlorine. Along with rapid development of plastic and rubber industry, its application becomes much wider.

    CPE has good flexibility, ozone resistance, weather ability, heat aging, oil resistance, flame retardance, electrical properties, chemical resistance sex. Flexibility and a weakened resistance to cold.

    China and the United States were the two largest consumers of chlorinated polyethylene.

    About 80% of CPE is used for PVC modification and about 20% for the production of wires, cables and ABS modification. World consumption of CPE is forecast to grow at an average annual rate of about 4%.

    Monday, November 14, 2011

    Time for an Ethanol Pipeline?

    Ethanol Pipeline

    Pipelines have been used for transportation of ethanol in Brazil, and there are several ethanol pipeline projects in Brazil and the United States.
    EA Energy assumed 48% of ethanol would be moved by pipeline.
    Wider use of pipelines to transport ethanol is problematic for several reasons. It means addressing ethanol’s water affinity problem (ethanol is water soluble meaning it absorbs water). The second challenge to transporting ethanol by pipeline is the need to address corrosion issues. Ethanol-related corrosion problems can result from how ethanol behaves in the pipe.

    Thursday, November 10, 2011

    Fast Food

    • Fast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly.
    • While any meal with low preparation time can be considered to be fast food, typically the term refers to food sold in a restaurant or store with preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away.
    • The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.
    • The capital requirements involved in opening up a non-franchised fast food restaurant are relatively low.
    • Teens between the ages of 13 and 18 purchased 800 to 1,100 calories in an average fast food visit.

    Wednesday, November 09, 2011

    Day Care Center

    Day Care Center is the place where learning and fun become one and the primary place where young children learn social and pre-academic skills necessary for success in school.The basic requirements for a daycare center includes Staff, Educational Tools for children, Class Rooms, Teachers’ Room, Library/Entertainment Room, Principal & Administration Room, Washrooms & Kitchen, Grounds, Furniture, seesaw and other such items for physical activities, soft board and white boards etc.
    The demand for preschool childcare has reached a high level and continues to rise as we enter the 21 st  century.  Over the past several decades, women have entered the workforce in record number. 

    Tuesday, November 08, 2011

    Friday, November 04, 2011


    Cytokines are small cell-signaling protein molecules that are secreted by the glial cells of the nervous system and by numerous cells of the immune system and are a category of signaling molecules used extensively in intercellular communication.

    Cytokines have been classed as lymphokines, interleukins, and chemokines, based on their presumed function, cell of secretion, or target of action.

    Cytokines are highly pharmacologically active and thus may be effective agents for modifying biological responses.

    Cytokines and growth factor related products in the multiplexed bead array market may represent approximately 60-70% of product revenues.

    Grafted Polymer

    Graft copolymers are a special type of branched copolymer in which the side chains are structurally distinct from the main chain.The grafting of polymers onto carbon nanotubes (CNT) and nanofibers, such as vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF) surfaces was achieved by (1) the ``grafting onto'' method, (2) ``polymer reaction'' method, (3) ``grafting from'' method, and (4) ``stepwise growth'' method by dendrimer synthesis methodology.
    Grafting with telechelic polymers provides an alternative method, commonly referred to as grafting onto , for synthesizing hybrid branched architectures.
    Graft copolymerization is considered to be one of the most promising approaches to a wide variety of molecular designs leading to novel type of
    tailored hybrid materials.

    Polycrystalline Silicon

    • Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon, is a material consisting of small silicon crystals.
    • It differs from single-crystal silicon, used for electronics and solar cells, and from amorphous silicon, used for thin film devices and solar cells.
    • Polysilicon is a key component for integrated circuit and central processing unit manufacturers such as AMD and Intel.
    • At the component level, polysilicon has long been used as the conducting gate material in MOSFET and CMOS processing technologies.
    • Polysilicon manufacturing market is in a very fast growth mode.


    Incense is composed of aromatic biotic materials. It releases fragrant smoke when burned. 


    Amaranthus is the genus for the pigweed family. The word is derived from the Greek word amarantus, which means “everlasting.” Amaranth, an ancient crop originating in the Americas, can be used as a high-protein grain or as a leafy vegetable, and has potential as a forage crop.
    The production of amaranth in Latin America diminished dramatically subsequent to Spanish rule, the positive attributes of the crop led to its adoption in other areas of the world. By the 1700s, amaranth had spread throughout Europe for use as a herb and ornamental.


    Ajwain (also known as Carom, Ajowan, Bishop's Weed and Seeds Of Bishop's Weed), is an uncommon spice except in certain areas of Asia. It is the small seed-like fruit of the Bishop's Weed plant, egg-shaped and grayish in color. The plant has a similarity to parsley.
    Usage of ajowan is almost confined to Central Asia and Northern India. Ajowan is particularly popular in savoury Indian recipes like savoury pastries, snacks and breads.
    Ajowan is much used as a medicinal plant is ayurvedic medicine for its antispasmodic, stimulant, tonic and carminative properties. The seeds are used to ease asthma and indigestion. It is also widely used to treat diarrhoea and flatulence. In the West, thymol is used in medicines against cough and throat irritation. The thymol content makes ajowan a potent fungicide.

    Ashoka Tree

    The Ashoka tree (lit., "sorrow-less") is a flowering tree considered sacred throughout India and Sri Lanka where it is found. It is prized for its beautiful foliage and flowers. A precious plant, the tree’s name ‘Ashoka’ means ‘without sorrow’ in Sanskrit.
    The demand of Ashok bark is more at domestic level than at international level. The requirement of Ashok bark in Everest Homeo is about 1 quintal per annum, that of bhuineem being 1.5 quintals and of RS roots, about 75 kg.

    Agar - Agar

    Agar (a-gar)' or agar agar ' is a gelatinous substance chiefly used as a solid substrate to contain culture medium for microbiological work. Agar- Agar is a combination of polysaccharides made up of neutral molecules (agarose) plus others electrically charged (agaropectine). Chemically, agar is a polymer made up of subunits of the sugar galactose.
    The demand for bacteriological agar comes mostly from industrialized countries although demand in developing countries is also on the rise. Developing countries supply about 90% of the seaweed used for agar, only 38% of the agar is produced in the world market. High Commercial value and dried seaweed is exported to Japan, Korea and even Taiwan. Agar-Agar produced locally is in demand in the local market


    Amylase refers to a group of enzymes whose catalytic function is to hydrolyze (breakdown) sugar and starch.
    Amylases can be divided into two categories, endoamylases and exoamylases.
    The spectrum of amylase application has widened in many other fields, such as clinical, medical, and analytical chemistries, as well as  their wide spread application in starch sacccharification and in the textile, food, fermentation, paper, brewing and distilling industries.Among the specific types of industrial enzymes, protease and amylase lead the market with current shares of 25% and 20%, respectively. Geographically, the North America market is currently leading with 36% of total market share and will continue to do so through the forecast period.


    Asafoetida, the gum resin prized as a condiment in India and Iran, is obtained chiefly from plant Ferula asafetida. The Latin name ferula means "carrier" or "vehicle". Asa is a latinized form of Farsi asa "resin ", and Latin foetidus means "smelling, fetid". A related species (F.vulgaris), native to the Mediterranean, is mentioned in the Greek mythology as the plant that helped Prometheus to carry the stolen fire from the Sun to the Earth.
    Ninety per cent of the Asafoetida used in India is from Afghanistan and is called the kabuli hing. the Iranian variety is of better quality and comes in three types — sheer, xl and hingda.

    Aseptic Technology

    Aseptic technique is a general term involving practices that minimize the introduction of microorganisms to patients during patient care. There are two categories of asepsis; general asepsis which applies to patient care procedures outside the operating theatre and surgical asepsis relating to procedures/processes designed to prevent surgical site infection. 
    Aseptic technique includes preparation of the patient, such as hair removal and disinfection of the operative site; preparation of the surgeon, such as provision of decontaminated surgical attire, surgical scrub, and sterile surgical gloves; sterilization of instruments supplies, and implanted materials; and the use of operative techniques to reduce the likelihood of infection.


    Anise, Pimpinella anisum L., a herbaceous annual native to the Mediterranean region and Egypt, is cultivated in Europe, Asia India, Mexico, North Africa, and the USSR. The plant reaches a height of about 0.5 meters and requires a warm and long frost-free growing season of 120 days.
    Anise is used for bloating, wind, colic and heartburn, digestive, restoring equilibrium, stress and irritation, tight chest, bronchitis, breath sweetening, antispasmodic.



    An adhesive is a compound that adheres or bonds two items together. Adhesives may come from either natural or synthetic sources.
    Phenol (C6H50H), the primary component of the resin used for the wood adhesives, is made from petroleum. In making adhesives and plastics from wood waste or other biomass uses solvent lo exlraci and concentrale a phenolics and neutrals traction lrom the pyrolysis oil.
    The global presentation identifies the Pressure Sensitive Adhesives demand in the USA, Western Europe and Japan which, when combined, represents about 80% of the world market place.


    Edible vaccines are composed of antigenic proteins and do not contain pathogenic genes (because obviously they use attenuated strains).

    Development of edible vaccines is a possible high-volume, low-cost delivery system for third-world countries to fight against fatal maladies like AIDS, hepatitis and diarrhea.

    Edible vaccines hold great promise as a cost-effective, easy-to-administer, easy-to-store, fail-safe and socioculturally readily acceptable vaccine delivery system, especially for the poor developing countries.

    Edible vaccines are sub-unit vaccines that introduce selected genes into the plants and facilitate the production of the encoded protein.Edible vaccines are mucosal-targeted vaccines that stimulate both the systematic and mucosal immune network takes place.

    Thursday, November 03, 2011

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC)

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC) (Polyanionic Cellulose) is a kind of nonionic cellulose ether featured the properties of high purity, high DS, particularly high viscosity or low viscosity.

    PAC has good properties of salt resistance and temperature resistance, PAC is especially better then CMC and also it have good non-Newtonian fluid, can effectively control the mobility of mud.

    Polyanionic Cellulose (PAC) is a good filtrate reducer with the capacity of increasing viscosity and anti-high temperature (150°C) in the freshwater, seawater, or even saturated brine well-completion liquid.

    Wednesday, November 02, 2011


    Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer is part of the polyolefin family which is composed of thermoplastic polymers, such as low-, medium- and high-density polyethylene and polypropylene.

    EVA foam is non-biodegradable.

    EVA is a random copolymer, obtained by the co-polymerisation of ethylene.

    Eva sole is a product involving a process which uses specially designed presses to directly vulcanize where rubber compound is used especially in the manufacturing of foot wear industry.


    Surimi is a refined form of minced fish meat.

    The Japanese word "surimi" literally means "minced meat". However, surimi is more than minced meat.

    Raw surimi is a truly bland material, since its flavor components are removed by the leaching process.

    Japan's exports of surimi-based products to the U.S. have risen sharply in recent years.

    The Japanese government launched an $8.5 million 5- year program aiming to develop surimi from the dark meat of sardine and Pacific mackerel, abundant domestic species.


    In solid-state ionics, a solid-state battery is a battery that has both solid electrodes and solid electrolytes.

    Solid-state batteries generally fall into the low-power density and high-energy density category.

    The first solid state electrolyte system received particular attention for switch applications is the Ag2S/Ag structure.

    Solid state battery isolators use a micro-processor and FETs to control the On & Off connection between the two voltage sensitive terminal posts according to preset voltage of each terminal.

    Ferolite products

    • After closer evaluation, the economics of film lamination and the overall process do not favor it is long-term use.
    • Ferrolite polymer film coatings adhere to the substrate (ECCS material is used as the substrate) through the use of special bonding layers which are co-extruded with the main polymer layer.
    • The main types used are: Polypropylene (PP), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and Nylon (N)polyamide.
    • Film lamination (ex. Ferrolite, TULC, Crystal Can) may seem to be a com- patible technology with extrusion coating.

    Tuesday, November 01, 2011

    Labetalol Hydrochloride

    Labetalol Hydrochloride is an adrenergic receptor blocking agent that has both selective alpha1- and nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking actions in a single substance.

    Labetalol Hydrochloride Injection is used to lower high blood pressure, also called hypertension.

    Labetalol HCl Injection is contraindicated in bronchial asthma, overt cardiac failure, greater than first degree heart block, cardiogenic shock, severe bradycardia, other conditions associated with severe and prolonged hypotension.

    Labetalol was quicker and more efficient at controlling blood pressure, having a beneficial effect on renal functions and causing fewer side effects compared with methyldopa.

    Mushroom Products

    Mushrooms are gradually becoming popular as they are rich in minerals and vitamins and very low on fat and sugar.
    The market for mushrooms has been expanding in recent years. The trend is away from the canned product toward fresh and dried mushroom sales.
    The production of mushrooms can play an important role in managing organic wastes which have become problematic as landfills reach capacity.


    Triacetonamine is used as an intermediate for light stabilizer for synthetic polymers.
    Triacetonamine has been recognized as a key intermediate in the preparation of certain 4-substituted 2,2,6,6 - tetramethylpiperidine derivatives which are excellent in protecting synthetic resin compositions against the deleterious influences of heat and light.

    Polyamide Resins

    Polyamide resin is a kind of micro-molecular polycondensed by vegetable oil unsaturated fatty acid dimer and polyamine.

    Polyamide resin, which has been widely used as a curing agent for epoxy resin, is formed by the condensation reaction between dimer acid and polyamine, and contains reactive primary and secondary amines in its molecules.

    Polyamide resins are durable and have excellent friction/abrasion resistance and oil/solvent resistance. For these favorable characteristics, polyamide resins are widely utilized for industrial materials.

    Polyamide resins find wide use as binders in printing inks for flexogravure application on certain paper, film, and foil webs.

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