- Biobased lactic acid is a chemical which is produced by carbohydrate fermentation. The fermentation process is carried out by various Lactobacillus strains rather than by chemical means.
- Lactic acid, like succinic acid, is a base material for biobased products which is intended to offset the petroleum use. Lactic acid can be used to make a variety of products which include poly lactic acid, propylene glycol, and lactate esters.
- Poly lactic acid, or PLA, is a useful homopolymer of lactic acid involved in plastics and other material production. Lactate esters are used for biodegradable and nontoxic solvents.