- Isobutanol (IUPAC nomenclature: 2-methyl-1-propanol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2OH. This colorless, flammable liquid with a characteristic smell is mainly used as a solvent.Its is omers include n-butanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol, all of which are more important industrially.
- Isobutanol is also produced naturally during the fermentation of carbohydrates and may also be a byproduct of the decay process of organic matter. Isobutanol, along with other low molecular weight alcohols can also be produced by some engineered microorganisms such as corynebacterium.
- A genetically engineered strain of the bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum converted cellulose to isobutanol via iso butyraldehyde