Thursday, July 19, 2012


  • Mycelium (plural mycelia) is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. 
  • The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring fungi. 
  • Fungal colonies composed of mycelia are found in soil and on or within many other substrates. 
  • A typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which cannot reproduce sexually; when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join and form a dikaryotic mycelium, that mycelium may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms.

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