- Ornithine is an amino acid that plays a role in the urea cycle. Ornithine is abnormally acumulated in the body in ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.
- L-Ornithine is one of the products of the action of the enzyme arginase on L-arginine, creating urea. Therefore, ornithine is a central part of the urea cycle, which allows for the disposal of excess nitrogen.
- Ornithine is recycled and, in a manner, is a catalyst. First, ammonia is converted into carbamoyl phosphate (phosphate-CONH2), which creates one half of urea.
- Ornithine is converted into a urea derivative at the d (terminal) nitrogen by carbamoyl phosphate. Another nitrogen is added from aspartate, producing the denitrogenated fumarate, and the resulting arginine (a guanidinium compound) is hydrolysed back to ornithine, producing urea.The nitrogens of urea come from the ammonia and aspartate, and the nitrogen in ornithine remains intact.